Najaf braces for siege as talks fail

Iraq's interim government has said it is resuming military operations in the city of Najaf after talks with the fighters of Shia leader Muqtada al-Sadr failed.

    Al-Mahdi army fighters have resisted US-led attacks in Najaf

    The announcement on Saturday spells the end of a tentative ceasefire in Najaf after more than a week of clashes that have stirred anger across the region.

    "The Iraqi interim government is resuming military clearing operations to ... establish law and order in the holy city," said National Security Adviser Muwafaq al-Rubaai on Saturday.

    He said the government had made every effort to find a peaceful solution to 10 days of conflict that had killed hundreds.

    Allawi blamed

    But a close aide of al-Sadr, Shaikh Ali al-Sumaisim told Aljazeera that interim Prime Minister Iyad Allawi was to blame for the collapse of talks.

    "Just as we were about to sign the agreement, interim Premier Iyad Allawi ... put an end to the talks"

    Shaikh Ali al-Sumaisim,
    aide to Muqtada al-Sadr

    "We accepted all the points raised by al-Rubaai," said al-Sumaisim. "But ... just as we were about to sign the agreement, interim Premier Iyad Allawi contacted him, put an end to the talks and referred the whole issue back to Baghdad."

    Al-Sadr, who has periodically sought an accommodation with the US-installed authorities ruling Iraq, has been demanding the withdrawal of foreign forces and an amnesty for his fighters.

    Controversial clashes

    Al-Sadr's al-Mahdi army has posed the biggest challenge to Allawi's government since the US occupation authority gave it official but in effect limited sovereignty on 28 June.

    Al-Sadr supporters protest 
    against US-led attacks on Najaf

    But US and Iraqi government forces face a dilemma in trying to oust the al-Mahdi army from Najaf, which is home to several revered Muslim sites, including the Imam Ali mosque and shrine.

    The week-long offensive there caused outrage throughout Iraq and much of the Arab world as protesters took to the streets and voiced anger at the attacks by US-led occupation forces. 

    "Presently, the US forces are making a pincer movement towards Najaf," said al-Sumaisim.

    "This is an explicit conspiracy to commit a large-scale massacre in Iraq. The target is not only al-Sadr movement but also all the honest people of Iraq ... everyone who opposes the occupation and colonialism."

    SOURCE: Aljazeera + Agencies


    How different voting systems work around the world

    How different voting systems work around the world

    Nearly two billion voters in 52 countries around the world will head to the polls this year to elect their leaders.

    How Moscow lost Riyadh in 1938

    How Moscow lost Riyadh in 1938

    Russian-Saudi relations could be very different today, if Stalin hadn't killed the Soviet ambassador to Saudi Arabia.

    The great plunder: Nepal's stolen treasures

    The great plunder: Nepal's stolen treasures

    How the art world's hunger for ancient artefacts is destroying a centuries-old culture. A journey across the Himalayas.