Pro-democracy activists elected to the Legislative Council in Hong Kong are vowing to continue their opposition to the Chinese government.
China reacted to Sunday's election by indicating that any talk of independence within the Hong Kong government or anywhere else would not be tolerated.
When 156 years of British colonial rule came to an end in 1997, Hong Kong was handed back to China under a "one country, two systems" agreement.
Communist leaders in Beijing have ultimate control but have promised to maintain the freedom and laws of the global financial centre for at least 50 years.
How will China stop the rising calls in Hong Kong for independence?
Presenter: Adrian Finighan
Joseph Cheng - coordinator of the Power for Democracy Group
Xia Jiudong - senior research fellow at the China Institute of International Studies
Steve Tsang - professor of contemporary Chinese studies at the University of Nottingham
Source: Al Jazeera