[QODLink]
Europe

How Thatcher began life and rose to the top

Timeline on the life of former British prime minister, who died at the age of 87 after suffering a stroke.

Last Modified: 08 Apr 2013 14:44
Email Article
Print Article
Share article
Send Feedback
Margaret Thatcher was Britain's first female prime minister and both friends and foes called her 'Iron Lady' [AP]

1925 - October 13: Margaret Hilda Roberts is born in Grantham, Lincolnshire, the second child of Beatrice Stephenson Roberts and grocer and Alderman Alfred Roberts.

1946: Elected as the first female president of the Oxford University Conservative Association.

1947- June: Completes her degree, graduating with second-class honours.

1951- December: Marries divorcee Denis Thatcher.

1952: Begins legal training and resigns as a candidate for Dartford.

1953- August 15: Twins Carol and Mark Thatcher are born.

1958- July: Selected as the Conservative candidate for Finchley.

1959- October 8: Elected as MP for outlawed in 1948.

1970- June: Conservatives win the general election and Thatcher is appointed secretary of state for education and Science.

1971 - June: Introduced legislation to abolish free milk for primary schoolchildren, earning her the moniker ‘Margaret Thatcher the milk snatcher’ .

1975- February 11: Thatcher is elected as the Conservative leader.

1979- May 4: Thatcher becomes the country’s first ever female Prime Minister after winning the general election with a majority of 44 seats.

1982- January: Unemployment in the UK hits 3 million as Thatcher’s economic policies of cuts and austerity makes her and her party very unpopular in the opinion polls.

1982- April 2: Argentina invades the British Falkland Islands. Thatcher responds with swift and decisive force, sending a naval force and in just over two months the islands are taken back. Two hundred and fifty-five British servicemen lose their lives along with three islanders.

1983 June: Returned to power with a landslide majority bolstered by the Falklands war and the economic recovery.

1984- March: Takes on the miners in a bitter industrial dispute over the proposal to close pits, strikes last for a year with violent clashes between the miners and the police.

1984- October 12: An IRA bomb goes off at the Grand Hotel in Brighton during the Conservative Party conference. Five are killed and thirty left injured but Thatcher is unharmed.

1987- June 11: Thatcher is re-elected for an historic third term and becomes the longest continuously serving prime minister since 1812.

1990- March 31: Community charge, or ‘poll tax’ riot in Trafalgar Square causes deep unpopularity for Margaret Thatcher and the Conservative Party

1990- November: In November 1990, after her controversial policies, Thatcher loses her support from her party as she is "asked" to resign after not securing enough votes to defeat a leadership challenge. Thatcher resigns as prime minister and is replaced by John Major.

1992- June: Thatcher enters the House of Lords as Baroness Thatcher.

1997: Thatcher backs William Hague who wins the Conservative party leadership. Labour goes on to win in a landslide election.

2003- June 26: Denis Thatcher dies at the age of 88. The Conservative central office decides to lower their union flag as a mark of respect.

2004- June 11: Thatcher attends the former US President Ronald Reagan’s funeral. Reagan was seen as Thatcher’s political soulmate. Thatcher prerecords a eulogy and tribute for Reagan, despite having being advised by her doctors to give up public speaking.

2005- October: Celebrates her 80th birthday with a dinner in a London Hotel, attended by 650.

2010– October: Misses her 85th birthday party, hosted in Downing Street by Conservative Prime Minister David Cameron, because of poor health.

554

Source:
Al Jazeera
Email Article
Print Article
Share article
Send Feedback
Topics in this article
People
Country
City
Organisation
Featured on Al Jazeera
Muslim volunteers face questioning and threat of arrest, while aid has been disrupted or blocked, charities say.
Six months on, outrage and sorrow over the mass schoolgirl abduction has disappeared - except for families in Nigeria.
ISIL combatants seeking an 'exit strategy' from Mideast conflict need positive reinforcement back home, analysts say.
European nation hit by a wave of Islamophobia as many young fighters join ISIL in Syria and Iraq.
Featured
Lack of child protection laws means abandoned and orphaned kids rely heavily on the care of strangers.
At least 25 tax collectors have been killed since 2012 in Mogadishu, a city awash in weapons and abject poverty.
Since she was 16-years-old, Scottish Nationalist Party's Sturgeon has strove for independence from the UK.
Armed group's ransom success with German hostages marks a re-emergence, as authorities investigate ISIL links.
Western nations are moving into the resource-rich country after decades of disinterest, challenging China's interests.