Madagascar announces presidential poll date

Polls will be held after two postponements amid lack of funding and controversy over candidacy of top contenders.

Last Modified: 22 Aug 2013 17:22
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October polls will determine who will take office in the presidential palace [GALLO/GETTY]

Madagascar will hold a much-delayed presidential election in October in a vote designed to end a deep political crisis prompted by a coup four years ago, officials have said.

The electoral commission said on Thursday that the polls will be conducted on October 25 while parliamentary elections will follow on December 20, along with a second presidential round if the October vote does not deliver an outright winner.

The new dates follow two earlier postponements amid a lack of funding and controversy over the candidacies of three top contenders.

An electoral court on Saturday dropped the names of strongman Andry Rajoelina, the wife of his exiled rival Marc Ravalomanana, and a former president after the three refused to withdraw from the presidential race.

Former disc jockey Rajoelina ousted President Ravalomanana in an army-backed coup in 2009, plunging the island country into a protracted crisis.

Ravalomanana, a milk mogul who is living in exile in South Africa, has been blocked several times from returning home.

The poll will be one year behind schedule according to a 2011 agreement to return to political stability brokered by regional bloc the Southern African Development Community (SADC).

Rajoelina, formerly also mayor of the capital Antananarivo, swore not to run for president, but threw his hat in the ring when Ravalomanana's wife Lalao declared she would be a candidate.

Both pose a legal problem, since Rajoelina submitted his candidacy after the deadline and Lalao Ravalomanana had not lived in Madagascar six months prior to the nominations as election rules require.

Another potential front-runner and former leader, Didier Ratsiraka, filed his candidacy papers two days after he returned from 11 years of exile in France.

International criticism

International bodies including the SADC, the African Union, the European Union and former colonial masters France condemned their candidacies, which have delayed the much-awaited vote.

The AU said it would not recognise the winner if one of the three emerged the victor.

Earlier this month EU foreign affairs head Catherine Ashton had threatened sanctions against those blocking the polls, without elaborating.

She offered “renewed EU support” in the event of a vote being staged by the end of November.

Initially, Malagasy election organisers would not remove the three candidates from the list.

But a reconstituted court disqualified them last weekend along with five others who had given false information or had other irregularities on their applications.

New polls are expected to unblock much-needed foreign aid for the impoverished island which has been frozen over the crisis.


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