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In Pictures: Cambodia's floating villages
Most ethnic Vietnamese cannot buy land so they live in floating villages in Tonle Sap, Southeast Asia's largest lake.
Last updated: 10 Aug 2014 08:06
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Tonle Sap, Cambodia - All that 61-year-old Thou Yien Son owns floats on water. His house is a precarious wooden platform tied to a bamboo raft and his income comes from a boat that he uses to catch fish and bring it to the local market. Yien Son doesn't have anything else, not even Cambodian citizenship. He is one of the 700,000 ethnic Vietnamese living in Cambodia, a country that doesn't consider them as citizens even though they've lived in the country for generations.

Most of the ethnic Vietnamese arrived in Cambodia during the French Protectorate (1863- 1953) to work in administration positions and in the countryside. In 1975, the Khmer Rouge took power and the Vietnamese were forcibly deported to Vietnam or killed. During the exile, most of them lost the papers that proved their Cambodian origin. On their return in the 1980s, they were considered migrants and became stateless.

Without papers, ethnic Vietnamese cannot buy land and most of them live in floating villages in Tonle Sap, Southeast Asia's largest freshwater lake, located deep inside Cambodia. Yien Son, told Al Jazeera: "I came back because my grandparents and my parents were born and died here. This is my land."

But there is one hope for the ethnic Vietnamese. The Khmer Rouge Tribunal opened a new case against the top leaders of the regime, that will judge, among other crimes, the genocide committed against the Vietnamese community, which ethnic Vietnamese civil society leaders hope to use to gain repatriation. This same tribunal just condemned Nuon Chea, the second most senior leader in the Khmer Rouge, and Khieu Samphan, the former head of state, to life in prison for crimes against humanity.


/Vincenzo Floramo/Al Jazeera

Southeast Asia's largest freshwater lake, Tonle Sap, is home to most of the ethnic Vietnamese living in Cambodia.



/Vincenzo Floramo/Al Jazeera
Young children in the village often wear life jackets to avoid drowning. Many ethnic Vietnamese living in floating villages have drowned because they cannot swim.


/Vincenzo Floramo/Al Jazeera

Without papers, ethnic Vietnamese cannot find jobs on the mainland and many of them face unemployment.



/Vincenzo Floramo/Al Jazeera

Small boats are the primary method of transportation in the floating villages. Children use large tubs to cover short distances between houses.



/Vincenzo Floramo/Al Jazeera
About 180 students attend this private floating school where they learn basic writing and reading skills in Khmer and Vietnamese. Most of them leave the school after one year to start helping their fathers with fishing.


/Vincenzo Floramo/Al Jazeera

Villagers normally work from dawn to late night, but they often rest during the hottest hours of the day.



/Vincenzo Floramo/Al Jazeera

Families in the Vietnamese floating villages normally consist of four or five members. Different generations of the same family often live next to each other.



/Vincenzo Floramo/Al Jazeera

Thou Yien Son, 61, was born in Kompong Thom, a village in Cambodia. He was deported by the Khmer Rouge in 1975, but when he came back in 1983 he was not allowed to buy a house so he moved to the water.



/Vincenzo Floramo/Al Jazeera

Yim My was born two months ago in a floating house, where her mother only had the assistance of a local midwife during delivery. The family said that they cannot afford to pay the small fee required to register the infant.



/vincenzo floramo

Tonle Sap suffers from widespread contamination and water pollution, which has brought disease to the local population.



/Vincenzo Floramo/Al Jazeera

Most of the houses in Phum Kandal are wooden platforms floating on bamboo rafts. They usually consist of two small rooms, a kitchen, and a latrine that opens directly into the water.



/Vincenzo Floramo/Al Jazeera

Houses are usually connected to a precarious grid hanging on thin sticks a few metres over the water. Some of them have small batteries to run the front-door light.



/Vincenzo Floramo/Al Jazeera

Most of the villagers make a living from fishing. Fish are grown in controlled ponds for several months, then are caught and prepared for sale in mainland markets.



/Vincenzo Floramo/Al Jazeera

In Phum Kandal, there are no shops, only small boats that sell fresh vegetables, bread, cooked food, sweets, and medicine.




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images:
/mritems/images/2014/8/10/201481071455660236_8.jpg;*;/mritems/images/2014/8/10/201481071455816457_8.jpg;*;/mritems/images/2014/8/10/201481071455941239_8.jpg;*;/mritems/images/2014/8/10/201481071456160775_8.jpg;*;/mritems/images/2014/8/10/201481071456379127_8.jpg;*;/mritems/images/2014/8/10/201481071456535480_8.jpg;*;/mritems/images/2014/8/10/201481071456660700_8.jpg;*;/mritems/images/2014/8/10/201481071456785290_8.jpg;*;/mritems/images/2014/8/10/201481071456925520_8.jpg;*;/mritems/images/2014/8/10/20148107145750185_8.jpg;*;/mritems/images/2014/8/10/201481071457191941_8.jpg;*;/mritems/images/2014/8/10/201481071457316353_8.jpg;*;/mritems/images/2014/8/10/201481071457441565_8.jpg;*;/mritems/images/2014/8/10/201481071457566341_8.jpg
captions:

Southeast Asia(***)s largest freshwater lake, Tonle Sap, is home to most of the ethnic Vietnamese living in Cambodia.

;*;Young children in the village often wear life jackets to avoid drowning. Many ethnic Vietnamese living in floating villages have drowned because they cannot swim.;*;

Without papers, ethnic Vietnamese cannot find jobs on the mainland and many of them face unemployment.

;*;

Small boats are the primary method of transportation in the floating villages. Children use large tubs to cover short distances between houses.

;*;About 180 students attend this private floating school where they learn basic writing and reading skills in Khmer and Vietnamese. Most of them leave the school after one year to start helping their fathers with fishing.;*;

Villagers normally work from dawn to late night, but they often rest during the hottest hours of the day.

;*;

Families in the Vietnamese floating villages normally consist of four or five members. Different generations of the same family often live next to each other.

;*;

Thou Yien Son, 61, was born in Kompong Thom, a village in Cambodia. He was deported by the Khmer Rouge in 1975, but when he came back in 1983 he was not allowed to buy a house so he moved to the water.

;*;

Yim My was born two months ago in a floating house, where her mother only had the assistance of a local midwife during delivery. The family said that they cannot afford to pay the small fee required to register the infant.

;*;

Tonle Sap suffers from widespread contamination and water pollution, which has brought disease to the local population.

;*;

Most of the houses in Phum Kandal are wooden platforms floating on bamboo rafts. They usually consist of two small rooms, a kitchen, and a latrine that opens directly into the water.

;*;

Houses are usually connected to a precarious grid hanging on thin sticks a few metres over the water. Some of them have small batteries to run the front-door light.

;*;

Most of the villagers make a living from fishing. Fish are grown in controlled ponds for several months, then are caught and prepared for sale in mainland markets.

;*;

In Phum Kandal, there are no shops, only small boats that sell fresh vegetables, bread, cooked food, sweets, and medicine.

Daylife ID:
18018b8da396f314e0245666b1f4c61f
Photographer:
;*;;*;;*;;*;;*;;*;;*;;*;;*;;*;;*;;*;;*;
Image Source:
Vincenzo Floramo/Al Jazeera;*;Vincenzo Floramo/Al Jazeera;*;Vincenzo Floramo/Al Jazeera;*;Vincenzo Floramo/Al Jazeera;*;Vincenzo Floramo/Al Jazeera;*;Vincenzo Floramo/Al Jazeera;*;Vincenzo Floramo/Al Jazeera;*;Vincenzo Floramo/Al Jazeera;*;Vincenzo Floramo/Al Jazeera;*;vincenzo floramo;*;Vincenzo Floramo/Al Jazeera;*;Vincenzo Floramo/Al Jazeera;*;Vincenzo Floramo/Al Jazeera;*;Vincenzo Floramo/Al Jazeera
Gallery Source:
Daylife
Daylife Raw Data:
Cambodia's Vietnamesehttp://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Cambodia%27s_Vietnameseen-ussupport@newscred.comUntitled Site10Sat, 09 Aug 2014 14:30:37 GMT http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Cambodia%27s_Vietnamese/slideshow/no-caption/e22eecce4d4197064c432c88cef0e0cb

Southeast Asia's largest freshwater lake, Tonle Sap, is home to most of the ethnic Vietnamese living in Cambodia. They reside on top of the water because they cannot buy land as a result of not being able to attain citizenship.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Cambodia%27s_Vietnamese/slideshow/no-caption/e22eecce4d4197064c432c88cef0e0cbVincenzo Floramo/Al Jazeera

Southeast Asia's largest freshwater lake, Tonle Sap, is home to most of the ethnic Vietnamese living in Cambodia. They reside on top of the water because they cannot buy land as a result of not being able to attain citizenship.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Cambodia%27s_Vietnamese/slideshow/no-caption/778a38f5165401bbd7ce77cabd0c7bb7

Young children in the village often wear life jackets to avoid drowning. Many ethnic Vietnamese living in floating villages have drowned because they cannot swim.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Cambodia%27s_Vietnamese/slideshow/no-caption/778a38f5165401bbd7ce77cabd0c7bb7Vincenzo Floramo/Al Jazeera

Young children in the village often wear life jackets to avoid drowning. Many ethnic Vietnamese living in floating villages have drowned because they cannot swim.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Cambodia%27s_Vietnamese/slideshow/no-caption/7dcf654497917abe5bc6a98037e3a3da

Without papers, ethnic Vietnamese cannot find jobs in mainland and many of them face unemployment.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Cambodia%27s_Vietnamese/slideshow/no-caption/7dcf654497917abe5bc6a98037e3a3daVincenzo Floramo/Al Jazeera

Without papers, ethnic Vietnamese cannot find jobs in mainland and many of them face unemployment.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Cambodia%27s_Vietnamese/slideshow/no-caption/bf731bc00964cd4f09c4556d0baff3ec

Small boats are the primary method of transportation in the floating villages. Children use buckets to cover short distances between houses.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Cambodia%27s_Vietnamese/slideshow/no-caption/bf731bc00964cd4f09c4556d0baff3ecVincenzo Floramo/Al Jazeera

Small boats are the primary method of transportation in the floating villages. Children use buckets to cover short distances between houses.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Cambodia%27s_Vietnamese/slideshow/no-caption/6c88e250959c7a224e4a4c2838014df6

About 180 students attend this private floating school where they learn basic writing and reading skills in Khmer and Vietnamese. Most of them leave the school after one year to start helping their fathers with fishing.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Cambodia%27s_Vietnamese/slideshow/no-caption/6c88e250959c7a224e4a4c2838014df6Vincenzo Floramo/Al Jazeera

About 180 students attend this private floating school where they learn basic writing and reading skills in Khmer and Vietnamese. Most of them leave the school after one year to start helping their fathers with fishing.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Cambodia%27s_Vietnamese/slideshow/no-caption/d1dcb773d48f68e2d5adfdd383c7fc31

Villagers normally work from dawn to late night, but they often take a rest during the hottest hours of the day.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Cambodia%27s_Vietnamese/slideshow/no-caption/d1dcb773d48f68e2d5adfdd383c7fc31Vincenzo Floramo/Al Jazeera

Villagers normally work from dawn to late night, but they often take a rest during the hottest hours of the day.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Cambodia%27s_Vietnamese/slideshow/no-caption/9e3ff44e770c1840e7be85b286afd80e

Families in the Vietnamese floating villages normally consist of 4 or 5 members. Different generations of the same family live next to each other.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Cambodia%27s_Vietnamese/slideshow/no-caption/9e3ff44e770c1840e7be85b286afd80eVincenzo Floramo/Al Jazeera

Families in the Vietnamese floating villages normally consist of 4 or 5 members. Different generations of the same family live next to each other.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Cambodia%27s_Vietnamese/slideshow/no-caption/db629397b4c0d660e0bdc0c669f12486

Thou Yien Son, 61, was born in Kompong Thom, in a village located in mainland Cambodia. He was deported by the Khmer Rouge in 1975, but when he came back in 1983 he was not allowed to buy a house and moved to the water.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Cambodia%27s_Vietnamese/slideshow/no-caption/db629397b4c0d660e0bdc0c669f12486Vincenzo Floramo/Al Jazeera

Thou Yien Son, 61, was born in Kompong Thom, in a village located in mainland Cambodia. He was deported by the Khmer Rouge in 1975, but when he came back in 1983 he was not allowed to buy a house and moved to the water.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Cambodia%27s_Vietnamese/slideshow/no-caption/a1fa6192bd7b787c5661cc44afbf4b10

Yim My was born two months ago in a floating house, where her mother only had the assistance of a local midwife during delivery. The family said that they cannot afford to pay the $2.5 registration process for the baby.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Cambodia%27s_Vietnamese/slideshow/no-caption/a1fa6192bd7b787c5661cc44afbf4b10Vincenzo Floramo/Al Jazeera

Yim My was born two months ago in a floating house, where her mother only had the assistance of a local midwife during delivery. The family said that they cannot afford to pay the $2.5 registration process for the baby.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Cambodia%27s_Vietnamese/slideshow/no-caption/dd6c32ca4df8c309078f6c49d2b3a9ac

Tonle Sap suffers from widespread contamination and water pollution, which has lead to disease among the population.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Cambodia%27s_Vietnamese/slideshow/no-caption/dd6c32ca4df8c309078f6c49d2b3a9acvincenzo floramo

Tonle Sap suffers from widespread contamination and water pollution, which has lead to disease among the population.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Cambodia%27s_Vietnamese/slideshow/no-caption/98a8d830009e2c5e1012009aa7d66fd5

Most of the houses in Phum Kandal are wooden platforms floating on bamboo rafts. They usually consist of two small rooms, a kitchen and a latrine that opens directly into the water.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Cambodia%27s_Vietnamese/slideshow/no-caption/98a8d830009e2c5e1012009aa7d66fd5Vincenzo Floramo/Al Jazeera

Most of the houses in Phum Kandal are wooden platforms floating on bamboo rafts. They usually consist of two small rooms, a kitchen and a latrine that opens directly into the water.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Cambodia%27s_Vietnamese/slideshow/no-caption/d94a28bf5d175328cb72c90cb6332c7a

Houses are usually connected to a precarious grid hanging on thin sticks a few meters over the water. Some of them just have small batteries to run the front-door light.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Cambodia%27s_Vietnamese/slideshow/no-caption/d94a28bf5d175328cb72c90cb6332c7aVincenzo Floramo/Al Jazeera

Houses are usually connected to a precarious grid hanging on thin sticks a few meters over the water. Some of them just have small batteries to run the front-door light.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Cambodia%27s_Vietnamese/slideshow/no-caption/1c0b957c5434c3b916b6b5a518ca35bd

Most of the villagers make a living from fishing. Fish are grown in controlled ponds for several months, then are caught and prepared to be sold in the market on the mainland.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Cambodia%27s_Vietnamese/slideshow/no-caption/1c0b957c5434c3b916b6b5a518ca35bdVincenzo Floramo/Al Jazeera

Most of the villagers make a living from fishing. Fish are grown in controlled ponds for several months, then are caught and prepared to be sold in the market on the mainland.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Cambodia%27s_Vietnamese/slideshow/no-caption/703e7266e8933b9b85424307f507f41c

In Phum Kandal, there are no shops, only small selling boats that offer fresh vegetables, bread, cooked food, sweets and small medicines.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Cambodia%27s_Vietnamese/slideshow/no-caption/703e7266e8933b9b85424307f507f41cVincenzo Floramo/Al Jazeera

In Phum Kandal, there are no shops, only small selling boats that offer fresh vegetables, bread, cooked food, sweets and small medicines.



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