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In Pictures
In Pictures: Myanmar's cultural capital
Mandalay is the country's cultural and religious centre.
Last Modified: 25 Oct 2012 12:52

Mandalay, the second largest city of Myanmar, is known as the capital city of Burmese culture. It was founded along the Irrawaddy River bank by King Mindon in 1857. Upon its founding, the city was called "Yadanabon",  which means "The City of Gems". The city served as the last royal capital of Burma before the British conquered the city in 1885.

Mandalay is also the centre of Buddhism and has thousands of monasteries. Kuthodaw Pagoda, which is located at the foot of Mandalay Hill, is known as the "world's largest book" for its 729 stupas with stone slabs inscribed with entire Buddhist canon.

Most residents from Mandalay rely on bicycles, motorcycles and old mini pickup trucks for transportation. 1963 models of small Mazda trucks are still used as taxis around the city because taxes on importing new cars are expensive for most of the citizens. The Irrawaddy River is one of the most important commercial waterway for transporting goods and travelling upper and lower parts of Myanmar.

The city is also known for its small white marble scuptures of Buddha. Dozens of stone and wood workshops are still producing these sculptures in the way it has been done since anciet times.


Htoo Tay Zar/Al Jazeera
The bastion of Mandalay Palace. The palace was the last residence of the last two Burmese monarchs.


Htoo Tay Zar/Al Jazeera
A young girl with Thanakha - traditional make up to prevent sun burns - on her cheeks sits at the door of Shwenandaw Monastery, where King Mindon died.


Htoo Tay Zar/Al Jazeera
A Burmese man with bicycle passes by a stairway gate to Mandalay Hill, which is known for its abundance of pagodas and monasteries.


Htoo Tay Zar/Al Jazeera
A worker chisels marble into a Buddha at a stone workshop. The city's artisans are renown for their skill.


Htoo Tay Zar/Al Jazeera
A young monk walk past stupas from Kuthodaw Pagoda, also known as "world's largest book".


Htoo Tay Zar/Al Jazeera
A worker carves a Buddhist monk sculpture at a wood carving workshop.


Htoo Tay Zar/Al Jazeera
A woman walks on the U Bein bridge - built out of teak - which stretches 1.2 km across Taungthaman Lake.


Htoo Tay Zar/Al Jazeera
A family crosses the Irrawaddy river, an important commercial route, with a rowboat in the evening.


Htoo Tay Zar/Al Jazeera
A tuk tuk driver waits for passengers in downtown Mandalay.


Htoo Tay Zar/Al Jazeera
Women buy fruits from a vendor at a pagoda festival in Mandalay.



images:
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captions:
The bastion of Mandalay Palace. The palace was the last residence of the last two Burmese monarchs.;*;A young girl with Thanakha - traditional make up to prevent sun burns - on her cheeks sits at the door of Shwenandaw Monastery, where King Mindon died.;*;A Burmese man with bicycle passes by a stairway gate to Mandalay Hill, which is known for its abundance of pagodas and monasteries.;*;A worker chisels marble into a Buddha at a stone workshop. The city(***)s artisans are renown for their skill.;*;A young monk walk past stupas from Kuthodaw Pagoda, also known as "world\(***)s largest book".;*;A worker carves a Buddhist monk sculpture at a wood carving workshop.;*;A woman walks on the U Bein bridge - built out of teak - which stretches 1.2 km across Taungthaman Lake.;*;A family crosses the Irrawaddy river, an important commercial route, with a rowboat in the evening.;*;A tuk tuk driver waits for passengers in downtown Mandalay.;*;Women buy fruits from a vendor at a pagoda festival in Mandalay. Daylife ID:
1351062895258
Photographer:
Htoo Tay Zar;*;Htoo Tay Zar;*;Htoo Tay Zar;*;Htoo Tay Zar;*;Htoo Tay Zar;*;Htoo Tay Zar;*;Htoo Tay Zar;*;Htoo Tay Zar;*;Htoo Tay Zar;*;Htoo Tay Zar
Image Source:
Al Jazeera ;*;Al Jazeera ;*;Al Jazeera ;*;Al Jazeera ;*;Al Jazeera ;*;Al Jazeera ;*;Al Jazeera ;*;Al Jazeera ;*;Al Jazeera ;*;Al Jazeera
Gallery Source:
Daylife
Daylife Raw Data:
Myanamar - Mandalayhttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/Myanamar-_-Mandalayen-usAl Jazeerafeedback@daylife.com10Wed, 24 Oct 2012 07:14:55 GMTWed, 24 Oct 2012 11:08:18 GMT http://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/Myanamar-_-Mandalay?image_id=026faho3sY9P3

The bastion of Mandalay Palace. The palace was the last residence of the last two Burmese monarchs.

Wed, 24 Oct 2012 07:15:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/Myanamar-_-Mandalay?image_id=026faho3sY9P3Htoo Tay ZarAl Jazeera Al Jazeera Upload Images

The bastion of Mandalay Palace. The palace was the last residence of the last two Burmese monarchs.

http://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/Myanamar-_-Mandalay?image_id=03yn4z63P8ctV

A young girl with Thanakha - traditional make up to prevent sun burns - on her cheeks sits at the door of Shwenandaw Monastery, where King Mindon died.

Wed, 24 Oct 2012 07:15:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/Myanamar-_-Mandalay?image_id=03yn4z63P8ctVHtoo Tay ZarAl Jazeera Al Jazeera Upload Images

A young girl with Thanakha - traditional make up to prevent sun burns - on her cheeks sits at the door of Shwenandaw Monastery, where King Mindon died.

http://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/Myanamar-_-Mandalay?image_id=00233hmfLSeUv

A Burmese man with bicycle passes by a stairway gate to Mandalay Hill, which is known for its abundance of pagodas and monasteries.

Wed, 24 Oct 2012 00:00:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/Myanamar-_-Mandalay?image_id=00233hmfLSeUvHtoo Tay ZarAl Jazeera Al Jazeera Upload Images

A Burmese man with bicycle passes by a stairway gate to Mandalay Hill, which is known for its abundance of pagodas and monasteries.

http://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/Myanamar-_-Mandalay?image_id=06Gl9oi29fep1

A worker chisels marble into a Buddha at a stone workshop. The city's artisans are renown for their skill.

Wed, 24 Oct 2012 07:16:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/Myanamar-_-Mandalay?image_id=06Gl9oi29fep1Htoo Tay ZarAl Jazeera Al Jazeera Upload Images

A worker chisels marble into a Buddha at a stone workshop. The city's artisans are renown for their skill.

http://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/Myanamar-_-Mandalay?image_id=0dg18KabxX8nJ

A young monk walk past stupas from Kuthodaw Pagoda, also known as "world's largest book".

Wed, 24 Oct 2012 07:16:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/Myanamar-_-Mandalay?image_id=0dg18KabxX8nJHtoo Tay ZarAl Jazeera Al Jazeera Upload Images

A young monk walk past stupas from Kuthodaw Pagoda, also known as "world's largest book".

http://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/Myanamar-_-Mandalay?image_id=095k2Xv8GZ1Hf

A worker carves a Buddhist monk sculpture at a wood carving workshop.

Wed, 24 Oct 2012 00:00:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/Myanamar-_-Mandalay?image_id=095k2Xv8GZ1HfHtoo Tay ZarAl Jazeera Al Jazeera Upload Images

A worker carves a Buddhist monk sculpture at a wood carving workshop.

http://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/Myanamar-_-Mandalay?image_id=0gnDevLaOE8lj

A woman walks on the U Bein bridge - built out of teak - which stretches 1.2 km across Taungthaman Lake.

Wed, 24 Oct 2012 07:17:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/Myanamar-_-Mandalay?image_id=0gnDevLaOE8ljHtoo Tay ZarAl Jazeera Al Jazeera Upload Images

A woman walks on the U Bein bridge - built out of teak - which stretches 1.2 km across Taungthaman Lake.

http://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/Myanamar-_-Mandalay?image_id=0bow8gufrocJ8

A family crosses the Irrawaddy river, an important commercial route, with a rowboat in the evening.

Wed, 24 Oct 2012 00:00:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/Myanamar-_-Mandalay?image_id=0bow8gufrocJ8Htoo Tay ZarAl Jazeera Al Jazeera Upload Images

A family crosses the Irrawaddy river, an important commercial route, with a rowboat in the evening.

http://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/Myanamar-_-Mandalay?image_id=030v10Mgup6ZW

A tuk tuk driver waits for passengers in downtown Mandalay.

Wed, 24 Oct 2012 00:00:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/Myanamar-_-Mandalay?image_id=030v10Mgup6ZWHtoo Tay ZarAl Jazeera Al Jazeera Upload Images

A tuk tuk driver waits for passengers in downtown Mandalay.

http://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/Myanamar-_-Mandalay?image_id=0dhy01s3L83pz

Women buy fruits from a vendor at a pagoda festival in Mandalay.

Wed, 24 Oct 2012 07:18:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/Myanamar-_-Mandalay?image_id=0dhy01s3L83pzHtoo Tay ZarAl Jazeera Al Jazeera Upload Images

Women buy fruits from a vendor at a pagoda festival in Mandalay.



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