Media freedom is in decline and journalists around the world are working in an intense climate of fear.

This year's evaluation by Reporters Without Borders shows a marked drop in the number of countries where it is safe for journalists to work.

The World Press Freedom Index covers the state of journalism in 180 countries.

It found only eight percent of them have a media climate considered "good" for journalists.

The biggest deterioration is in the Americas with the United States, Brazil, Venezuela and Nicaragua performing poorly.

The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region continues to be the most dangerous for journalists.

So what is causing violence against journalists?

Presenter: Mohammed Jamjoom

Guests:

Aidan White - president and founder of the Ethical Journalism Network

Rami Khoury - professor of journalism at American University of Beirut

Caroline Muscat - cofounder and editor of The Shift News

Source: Al Jazeera News