Documents released by Wikileaks show the United States intercepted communications by Jacques Chirac, Nicolas Sarkozy and current president - Francois Hollande. The French government summoned the US ambassador to protest.

French Prime Minister Manuel Valls is calling for a new code of conduct on intelligence issues. German Chancellor Angela Merkel was also a victim of US spying.

So why does Washington spy on its supposed allies and friends?

Presenter: Adrian Finighan


Anne Giudicelli - founder of a risk consultancy called Terrorisc

Richard Weitz - Senior Fellow at the Hudson Institute, and the Director of its Center for Political-Military Analysis

Nicolas Krameyer - head of the freedom and expression programme for Amnesty International France

Source: Al Jazeera