The Stream’s Femi Oke explains what these goals are and how such proclamations have fared in the past.
To me water is life. Once you have water in the house then other things are solved. The time used to get water is reduced. The reduced time is translated into other development activities. These development activities within the community entirely changes the country ... So empowering a woman to me is changing economies. It's giving power.
Filmmaker: Karin Slater
Across the world, almost 1.2bn people live in areas where water is physically scarce and this has an enormous impact on the quality of life.
Without clean water, communities suffer from recurrent diarrhoea and other debilitating or fatal diseases which, together with the time spent going to collect it, means a significant amount of time for education and employment is lost.
Collectively, women in 25 countries in sub-Saharan Africa spend at least 16 million hours each day collecting drinking water.
So, how could things be different?
In this film we head to the western Kenyan town of Kakamega and to the nearby village of Sisokhe to meet social worker Rose Atieno and Catherine Ondele, a nurse, who are using rainwater harvesting technology to bring clean water to villages.
As Atieno says, the men in rural villages make the water policies, but it is the women who feel the “pinch”: collecting water is physically difficult, time-consuming, and can make them vulnerable to rape.
In 2011, Atieno was one of the women participating in the Global Women’s Water Initiative project which provides women with the skills to build, repair and maintain rainwater harvesting tanks.
Since then, the trained women masons have helped other women build new tanks and turn their water into a money-spinner by selling it to the water company.