Minimally invasive surgery, whereby surgery is performed through small incisions, can have the advantage of fewer complications and a shorter recovery time for the patient. However for some procedures requiring dexterity and precision, surgeons still prefer open surgery.
But now, the use of robotics is allowing surgeons to perform minimally invasive surgery for complex procedures with enormous levels of control. The da Vinci Surgical System is at the cutting edge of robotic-assisted surgery and allows surgeons to operate robotic surgical arms which carry out the procedure remotely.
Dr Elizabeth Healey travels to Berlin, Germany to see how new robotic technology is giving surgeons a helping hand.