The International Criminal Court (ICC) has been hailed by many as an institution that puts parties to conflict on notice that serious violations will not go unpunished.
But others have accused the ICC of unfairly targeting Africans for prosecution.
In its eight years of existence, the ICC prosecutor has opened investigations in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Uganda, Sudan and Central African Republic.
The most high-profile case has been in Sudan.
The ICC issued an arrest warrant for Omar al-Bashir, the Sudanese president, for alleged crimes against humanity in the western region of the country, Darfur.
Al-Bashir is the first acting head of state to be indicted by the ICC, and is the most senior figure pursued by the court in The Hague since its inception in 2002.
On Wednesday, judges at the ICC ruled that al-Bashir could be charged with genocide as well.
The African Union has argued that the execution of the warrant risks upsetting peace efforts in Darfur and south Sudan.
Riz speaks with Luis Moreno-Ocampo, the chief prosecutor of the ICC, about the role of the “court of last resort” on the world stage.
This episode of the Riz Khan show aired on Thursday, February 4, 2010.