Two intifadas, or mass Palestinian uprisings, have happened in the past, both fuelled by anger at Israeli occupation and oppression.
Some now see the beginnings of a third one.
Anger is growing at intensifying Israeli air attacks on Gaza, killing dozens of people each day.
And in an unprecedented escalation, Jews and Palestinians are turning on each other in mixed cities across Israel.
Mobs have attacked homes, synagogues and Muslim cemeteries.
Can this tension be contained?
Presenter: Mohammed Jamjoom
Sally Abed – Member of the National Leadership Standing Together, a Jewish-Arab social movement
Yossi Mekelberg – Associate fellow of the Middle East and North Africa Programme, Chatham House
Yaser Alashqar – Assistant professor, Trinity College Dublin