It has been a turbulent three years since Catalonia tried to secede from Spain.
Spain’s government did not authorise the referendum organised by regional leaders in Barcelona and charged them with sedition later.
The issue dominated Sunday’s regional election, where separatist parties increased their majority.
But the Catalan branch of Spain’s ruling Socialists also won more seats in parliament.
Could this lead to more political chaos?
Presenter: Mohammed Jamjoom
Mar Aguilera Vaques – Professor of Constitutional Law, Barcelona University
Pieter Cleppe – EU policy analyst
Cristina Manzano – Editor-in-chief, Esglobal