They escaped terrifying events during the 2017 Myanmar military crackdown.
But Rohingya refugees are still haunted by memories of burned villages, killings, rape and torture.
The suspected genocide has led to a severe mental health crisis for the survivors – that is the finding of the Fortify Rights organisation.
About a million of the Rohingya Muslim minority now live in the crowded camps of Bangladesh’s Cox’s Bazar.
Many are reported to feel humiliated there.
And they now face being sent to a remote island said to be unsafe, with poor living conditions.
So, could this be a wake-up call?
Presenter: Mohammed Jamjoom
Matthew Smith – Chief Executive Officer of Fortify Rights
Yasmin Ullah – President of Rohingya Human Rights Network
Tom Andrews – United Nations Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar