Turkey president calls referendum

Ahmet Necdet Sezer opts for vote on plans to publicly elect the head of state.

    The ruling AKP party introduced the reform plan after opposition to the election of Abdullah Gul [AFP]

    The crisis has forced Erdogan to bring forward a parliamentary election to July 22.


    Direct election


    Erdogan says allowing the Turkish people to directly elect the president will bolster Turkish democracy.


    The reform plans also envisage replacing the current single seven-year presidential mandate for once-renewable five-year term.


    Critics say the move will be to the detriment of a system of checks and balances in Turkey's constitution.


    Sezer, a secularist critic of the government, had two options on the reform plan - to sign them into law or to call a referendum on them.


    He vetoed the plans in May but cannot do so a second time.


    The constitutional court is expected to rule next week on an appeal from the main opposition Republican People's Party (CHP) that would annul the government's reforms.


    If the court does annul the reforms, the referendum will no longer be required.

    SOURCE: Agencies


    All Hail The Algorithm

    All Hail The Algorithm

    A five-part series exploring the impact of algorithms on our everyday lives.

    The priceless racism of the Duke of Edinburgh

    The priceless racism of the Duke of Edinburgh

    Prince Philip has done the world an extraordinary service by exposing the racist hypocrisy of "Western civilisation".

    China will determine the future of Venezuela

    China will determine the future of Venezuela

    There are a number of reasons why Beijing continues to back Maduro's government despite suffering financial losses.