Leaders move to stop child soldiers

Ten out of 12 countries the UN says has child soldiers sign agreement at Paris conference.

    The United Nations estimates that there are
    250,000 child soldiers in the world

    The other two - Myanmar and the Philippines - did not take part in the conference, which also brought together donor countries, aid agencies and the UN children's organisation Unicef. The US was not present.
    The UN estimates there to be about 250,000 child soldiers in the world, mainly in Africa and Asia.
    Under the principles, which have no juridical status, countries promise to "fight against impunity, and investigate and prosecute in an effective manner persons who illegally recruit children of under 18 years in armed groups or forces".
    The text reads: "Peace agreements or other arrangements aimed at ending hostilities should not include amnesties for those who commit crimes against international law, notably those carried out against children."
    Emmanuel Jal: Sudan's war child

    Emmanuel Jal is a multi-lingual Kenyan rapper, a refugee, and spokesman for the Control Arms campaign and the Make Poverty History campaign.


    But 10 years ago, he tells Haru Mutasa, Al Jazeera's correspondent in Nairobi, he was a child soldier in the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA).


    "I'm war child", Emmanuel sings in his single.


    As a child, he was forced to raid villages for food and kidnap girls for the older rebels.


    About his forthcoming album, Emmanuel says: "War Child basically is my experience of my country, how war started ... how I've left home ... and losing the people that I love the most."


    When he finally escaped the SPLA, he lived as a refugee in Kenya.


    Mutasa reports: "Growing up in a slum was difficult for Emmanuel. He lived with his foster family in a metal shack. There was no running water and electricity – but it was better than life in Sudan."


    He knew he was lucky to be in Kenya – but he still wanted to do something to help his people back home.


    So he decided to show young people, through music, that violence is never a solution to any problem.


    Emmanuel's lyrics say: "I've seen my people die like flies, but I've never seen a dead enemy, at least one that I've killed. But still as I wonder, I will go under. Guns barking like lightning and thunder..."


    Now, his powerful songs have led to a recording contract and an opportunity to spread his message around the world.


    That message is that guns kill. And through music, he believes people are hearing it.


    External link:

    Al Jazeera is not responsible for the content of external websites


    SOURCE: Al Jazeera and agencies


    'We scoured for days without sleeping, just clothes on our backs'

    'We scoured for days without sleeping, just clothes on our backs'

    The Philippines’ Typhoon Haiyan was the strongest storm ever to make landfall. Five years on, we revisit this story.

    How Moscow lost Riyadh in 1938

    How Moscow lost Riyadh in 1938

    Russian-Saudi relations could be very different today, if Stalin hadn't killed the Soviet ambassador to Saudi Arabia.

    Unification: Saladin and the Fall of Jerusalem

    Unification: Saladin and the Fall of Jerusalem

    We explore how Salah Ed-Din unified the Muslim states and recaptured the holy city of Jerusalem from the crusaders.