Humanitarian crisis worsens in Swat

Two million displaced people living under dire conditions in northwest Pakistan.

    The US has pledged $110m in aid to Pakistan to ease the plight of two million displaced [EPA]

    The funds would be used to deliver tents, FM radios, meat, water lorries, generators and other supplies, Clinton said.

    Some of the money would also be spent on buying Pakistani wheat to boost the local economy.

    'Humanitarian catastrophe'

    Al Jazeera's Kamal Hyder, reporting from Islamabad, said the amount of aid was not near to what Pakistan needs as fighting between government forces and the Taliban appears to be spreading.

    "People from Matta, who had endured weeks of curfews, are now escaping over the mountains. Families are being separated from each other and it's another humanitarian catastrophe unfolding there," he said.

    In depth

     Video: Pakistan's displaced struggle to find shelter
     Riz Khan: Obama's 'AfPak' strategy
     Riz Khan: The battle for the soul of Pakistan
     Interview: Asif Ali Zardari
     Q&A: The struggle for Swat
     Your views: Crisis in Swat
     The fight for northwest Pakistan
    Talking to the Taliban
    Pakistan's war
     Pakistan diary

    "If the government offensive will be extended, it will become a very serious issue to contain.

    "However, as far as the military is concerned, it has to first clear Swat.

    "It has already cleared Buner [district bordering Swat] and that would allow the people of Buner to go back.

    "But it has a big fight on its hands in Swat and what happens [there] will determine what happens in Waziristan as well."

    Asif Ali Zardari, the president, told Britain's Sunday Times newspaper during the weekend that the military offensive could be expanded.

    "We're going to go into Waziristan, all these regions, with army operations," the paper quoted the president as saying.

    "Swat is just the start. It's a larger war to fight."

    Our correspondent said the number of displaced is expected to increase, as thousands of people reportedly are leaving the Mehsud area in South Waziristan.

    "They are not being helped entirely by the government. The people of this country are going out of their way to give them some kind of shelter."

    'Horrible speed'

    President Zardari convened a meeting of government and UN officials on Wednesday on relief and rehabilitation efforts. 

    Yousuf Raza Gilani, the prime minister, said Pakistan was fighting the Taliban on two fronts - in the mountains and in trying to cope with the humanitarian crisis.

    Rashid Khalikov, director of the United Nations' humanitarian office in New York, has said that aid workers are struggling to reach many of those who fled as the number of displaced increased with "absolutely horrible speed."

    The UN estimates that about 1.4 million people have been displaced since fighting in Pakistan's Northwest Frontier Province (NWFP) started at the end of April.

    That estimate is in addition to about 550,000 people already displaced by fighting across the NWFP and in other Pakistani regions.

    John Holmes, the UN humanitarian chief, said only about 20 per cent of displaced civilians are inside about 24 refugee camps at the moment. 

    Pakistan's military has said up to 15,000 troops are fighting 4,000 well-armed Taliban in Swat.

    SOURCE: Al Jazeera and agencies


    How different voting systems work around the world

    How different voting systems work around the world

    Nearly two billion voters in 52 countries around the world will head to the polls this year to elect their leaders.

    How Moscow lost Riyadh in 1938

    How Moscow lost Riyadh in 1938

    Russian-Saudi relations could be very different today, if Stalin hadn't killed the Soviet ambassador to Saudi Arabia.

    The great plunder: Nepal's stolen treasures

    The great plunder: Nepal's stolen treasures

    How the art world's hunger for ancient artefacts is destroying a centuries-old culture. A journey across the Himalayas.