Timeline of Nepal's civil war

A chronology of how the Maoist war began and the march towards peace.

     

    On Thursday, Nepalis vote in elections for a constituent assembly which is meant to write a new constitution and serve as a parliament for the poor Himalayan country.

    The election - the country's first in nine years - was the centrepiece of a 2006 peace deal between the government and former Maoist rebels after a decade-long civil war.

    The following is a chronology of how the Maoist war began and the march towards peace:

    1994 - The Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) is founded by Pushpa Kamal Dahal, known by his nom de guerre Prachanda.

    Feb 1996 - Maoists, who oppose the Himalayan country's constitutional monarchy, launch a "people's war" to establish a single-party communist republic.

    Feb 2005 - King Gyanendra takes absolute power vowing to crush the Maoists.

    Sept 2005 - Maoist rebels announce a unilateral ceasefire but the royalist government rejects it.

    Nov 2005 - Maoists join a loose alliance with the seven main political parties to end royal rule.

    Jan 2006 - Rebels end the ceasefire.

    Apr 2006 - King Gyanendra gives up absolute power after widespread protests. Veteran politician Girija Prasad Koirala is sworn in as prime minister and invites rebels for talks.

    Jun 2006 - The new government agrees with Maoists to dissolve parliament and form an interim administration that includes rebels.

    Nov 2006 - Prime Minister Koirala and rebel chief Prachanda sign a peace deal, ending a civil war which killed more than 13,000 people.

    Jan 2007 - Parliament scraps old constitution and adopts a new interim constitution. Maoists control 84 seats in the 329-member interim legislature.

    Dec 2007 - The ruling alliance and the Maoists agree to abolish the monarchy after the elections.

    Feb 2008 - Ethnic Madheshi groups call a strike demanding autonomy which brings much of the economy to a standstill.

    Feb 2008 - The government seals a deal with most Madheshi groups to end the protests.

    SOURCE: Al Jazeera and agencies


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