N Korea 'chemical weapons a threat'

New report says Pyongyang has huge stocks of mustard gas, sarin and nerve agents.

    ICG said North Korea could deploy the chemical
    weapons if hostilities were to break out [AFP]

    In depth

     North Korea's nervous neighbours
    N Korea's nuclear trump card
     Timeline: N Korea's bomb
     Obama condemns 'reckless' N Korea
     N Korea nuclear test angers China
     World reaction: N Korea bomb test

     A rare look at life inside North Korea
    Hans Blix on North Korea's nuclear fallout
     Double standards on nuclear weapons
     South Korea's nuclear fears
     China's troublesome ally
     N Korea test sparks alarm
     UN 'should expel N Korea'
     N Korea's 'nuclear gamble'

    "If there is an escalation of conflict and if military hostilities break out, there is a risk that they could be used," Daniel Pinkston, the ICG's representative in Seoul, the South Korean capital, said.

    "In conventional terms, North Korea is weak and they feel they might have to resort to using those.

    "The stockpile does not appear to be increasing but is already sufficient to inflict massive civilian casualties on South Korea," the report said.

    In a separate report, the ICG said North Korea has also deployed more than 600 Scud-type missiles that could strike the South and as many as 320 Rodong missiles that could strike Japan.

    The report repeats previous claims by the ICG that the North has developed a nuclear warhead that could be mounted on a Rodong missile.

    But many weapons experts believe the North is still years away from being able to miniaturise a nuclear weapon to mount on a warhead.

    Missile tests

    The North fired a series of short-range missiles off its east coast just after its nuclear test in May and has recently warned ships to stay away from waters off its eastern city of Wonsan for the remainder of June, according to a Japan Coast Guard spokesman.

    North Korea threatened to fire an intercontinental ballistic missile if the UN Security Council did not apologise for punishing Pyongyang for an April rocket launch, seen as a disguised missile test that violated UN resolutions.

    North Korea responded to the latest UN sanctions for its nuclear test, by announcing it would start a uranium enrichment programme, which experts said could give it a second route to an atomic bomb, and that it would weaponise all its plutonium.

    Analysts say the North's recent moves are aimed at rallying support domestically for Kim Jong-il, its 67-year-old leader, who appears to be laying the foundation for his youngest son to take over.

    Jong-il is believed to have suffered a stroke last year.


    How different voting systems work around the world

    How different voting systems work around the world

    Nearly two billion voters in 52 countries around the world will head to the polls this year to elect their leaders.

    How Moscow lost Riyadh in 1938

    How Moscow lost Riyadh in 1938

    Russian-Saudi relations could be very different today, if Stalin hadn't killed the Soviet ambassador to Saudi Arabia.

    The peace games: Dreaming big for South Sudan's youth

    The peace games: Dreaming big for South Sudan's youth

    A relatively new independence and fresh waves of conflict inspire a South Sudanese refugee to build antiwar video games.