Antarctic temperature hits record low

Scientists report temperatures in the Antarctic dipped to minus 93 Celsius in 2010, breaking the previous 1983 record.

    The temperatures recorded in 2010 are 10 degrees Celsius colder than anything recorded in the North Pole [AFP]
    The temperatures recorded in 2010 are 10 degrees Celsius colder than anything recorded in the North Pole [AFP]

    Temperatures in Antarctica hit a record low of minus 93 degrees Celsius in August 2010, according to scientists.

    Researchers made the discovery while analysing 32 years of global surface temperatures that were recorded by satellites.

    They found that a high ridge in the East Antarctic Plateau contains pockets of trapped air that dipped as low as minus 93 Celsius in August of 2010, researchers said at the annual American Geophysical Union meeting in San Francisco on Monday.

    The previous record low was minus 89.2 degrees Celsius and was documented in 1983 at the Russian Vostok Research Station in East Antarctica.

    "We had a suspicion this Antarctic ridge was likely to be extremely cold, and colder than Vostok because it's higher up the hill," Ted Scambos, lead scientist at the National Snow and Ice Data Center in Boulder, Colorado said in a statement.

    The discovery 

    The super-cold temperatures occur when air is caught and held for a while. If the skies are clear for a few days, the ground radiates remaining heat into space, creating a layer of super-chilled air above the snow.

    "By causing the air to be stationary for extended periods, while continuing to radiate more heat away into space, you get the absolute lowest temperatures we're able to find," Scambos said.

    The temperatures are about 10 degrees Celsius colder than anything recorded in Alaska or Siberia. 

    This research grew out of studies of snow dunes. Scientists noticed cracks in the snow and wondered if the top layer of snow was shrinking.

    SOURCE: Reuters


    YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE

    Life after death row: The pastor praying for Nigeria's prisoners

    The Nigerian pastor adapting to life after death row

    Clinton Kanu spent 27 years in prison for a murder he did not commit, but life on the outside feels far from free.

    What it means to love a dead child

    What it means to love a dead child

    You must forget all you thought you knew about grief when the landscape of your life has been demolished.

    'Butchered': The Kenyan FGM clinic serving Europeans

    'Butchered': The Kenyan FGM clinic serving Europeans

    Kenya banned FGM in 2011, but Europeans still bring their daughters to underground clinics there to be cut.