Police held hostage in Peru clashes

Land row confrontation between indigenous groups and police leaves 33 people.

    Indigenous leaders say 22 protesters have been killed while police confirmed the deaths of 11 officers [AFP]

    The indigenous people say they will lose control over natural resources, have protested since April.

    They hope to force congress to repeal laws that encourage foreign mining and energy companies to invest billions of dollars in projects in the rainforest.

    Indigenous leaders said at least 22 protesters had been killed. The government reported the deaths of 11 police officers, some from spear wounds.

    At least 100 people have been hurt. 

    Rich and poor

    The bloodshed, which prompted calls for Peru's interior minister to resign, has underscored divisions between wealthy elites in Lima and poor indigenous groups in the countryside.

    It has also exposed the central government's lack of control over some regions of the country.

    Alberto Pizango, centre, has accused the government of 'genocide' [EPA]
    Alan Garcia, the president, whose approval rating is 30 per cent, has less support in rural areas, especially in the Amazon.

    Critics say he has not done enough to pull people out of poverty, with the economic development enjoyed before the current downturn failing to reach the poor.

    They also say his free-market policies and encouragement of foreign investment only benefits the elite.

    At the heart of the dispute are laws passed last year as Garcia sought to bring Peru's regulatory framework into compliance with a free-trade agreement with the US.

    After Friday's violence, cabinet members accused protesters of being inflexible and of refusing to negotiate. A curfew has been threatened.

    Indigenous leaders from more than 60 groups said Garcia's allies had acted in bad faith when they blocked a motion earlier in the week to open debate on a law that tribes want overturned.

    Alberto Pizango, an indigenous leader in Lima, said on Thursday: "I hold the government of President Alan Garcia responsible for ordering this genocide."

    A state of emergency has been declared in areas of the Amazon, suspending constitutional guarantees.

    Protesters declared an "insurgency" against the government in response to the government's decision, but later withdrew their declaration.

    SOURCE: Agencies


    How different voting systems work around the world

    How different voting systems work around the world

    Nearly two billion voters in 52 countries around the world will head to the polls this year to elect their leaders.

    How Moscow lost Riyadh in 1938

    How Moscow lost Riyadh in 1938

    Russian-Saudi relations could be very different today, if Stalin hadn't killed the Soviet ambassador to Saudi Arabia.

    The great plunder: Nepal's stolen treasures

    The great plunder: Nepal's stolen treasures

    How the art world's hunger for ancient artefacts is destroying a centuries-old culture. A journey across the Himalayas.