US halts aid amid Colombia scandal

Colombian army units found to be "involved with gross violations of human rights".

    Uribe, centre, has sacked more than two dozen army officers over the scandal [AFP]

    "From today on, every battalion, every unit will have a division assigned to compile any accusations of misconduct on the part of any member of the armed forces," Uribe announced on Thursday.

    Aid scrutinised

    Colombia has received billions of dollars in aid from the US to combat drug production and smuggling operations carried out by rebel groups in order to fund their operations.

    The scandal will bolster critics of the $600 million-a-year Washington sends in aid - the largest amount sent to any country outside the Middle East.

    The arrangement could change after Barack Obama takes over the White House in January.

    US Democrats want new aid to focus more on economic development projects instead of military financing.

    Nearly a decade ago the US and Colombia launched a $6bn aid package known as Plan Colombia to cut illegal coca production in half.

    But a US congressional report released earlier in the week found coca production had increased by 15 per cent between 2000 and 2006, indicating Plan Colombia appeared a failure.

    Democrats in the US congress have also been increasingly critical of Colombia's human rights record, and the staunch Bush-ally may face further aid cuts under Obama's administration.

    'Widespread' abuses

    The 11 men killed disappeared from their homes near Bogota earlier this year. Their bodies later turned up in mass graves near the border with Venezuela.

    The father of one of the victims, Milciades Castro Rojas, told Al Jazeera: "They took them away and killed them to show that they are winning the war. That's what they do here, kill civilians saying they are guerrilla fighters."

    Human rights groups allege the incidentis not isolated and say more than 500 civilians have disappeared while in military custody.

    "The President has put the armed forces under pressure to show results, to show success in the war," Diana Sanchez, a Human Rights advocate, said.

    She and other human rights activists have denounced the system whereby troops gain promotions measured by the number of fighters killed.

    The UN high Commissioner for Human Rights, visiting Colombia last week, also called the army abuses "widespread and systematic".

    Critics of the Uribe administration have acknowledged that Colombia's four-decade-old conflict has ebbed under his military push and the country has become safer on the whole.

    SOURCE: Al Jazeera and agencies


    YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE

    Interactive: How does your country vote at the UN?

    Interactive: How does your country vote at the UN?

    Explore how your country voted on global issues since 1946, as the world gears up for the 74th UN General Assembly.

    'We were forced out by the government soldiers'

    'We were forced out by the government soldiers'

    We dialled more than 35,000 random phone numbers to paint an accurate picture of displacement across South Sudan.

    Interactive: Plundering Cambodia's forests

    Interactive: Plundering Cambodia's forests

    Meet the man on a mission to take down Cambodia's timber tycoons and expose a rampant illegal cross-border trade.