UN warns of Darfur 'catastrophe'

UN humanitarian chief says more than two million people have fled their homes.

    About 13,000 aid workers are operating in the 
    Darfur region of Sudan [AFP]
    The UN emergency relief co-ordinator warned that despite 13,000 aid workers now operating in the region the poor security situation was putting efforts to help the population at risk.

    Your Views

    "Clearly, Darfur needs help from the rest of the world"

    Jack, Houston, USA

    Send us your views

    "Despite its scale and success in sustaining millions and saving literally hundreds of thousands of lives, the Darfur humanitarian operation is increasingly fragile," Holmes said after returning from a tour of Sudan, Chad and the Central African Republic.

    "If things do not get better, or if there were more serious incidents involving humanitarian workers, some organisations could start to withdraw and the operation could start to unravel.

    "Then we could face a rapid humanitarian catastrophe ... We must do everything in our power to avoid it."

    When Jan Egeland, Holmes' predecessor, first warned the Security Council of the humanitarian crisis in Darfur three years ago this week, about 230 relief workers were struggling to assist 350,000 people.

    Aid workers 'abused'

    Holmes told the Security Council that aid workers had been "physically and verbally abused, offices and residences raided and personal belongings stolen."

    About 2.2 million people have been displaced
    by the conflict in Darfur [AFP]

    He blamed both government forces and rebels for the violations of international law and widespread human rights abuses.

    At least 200,000 people have died since the Darfur conflict erupted in February 2003 but some sources believe that the death toll is much higher.
      
    The conflict broke out when rebels from minority tribes took up arms to demand an equal share of national resources. This prompted a  heavy-handed crackdown by Khartoum and the Janjawid militia.

    Holmes said that more than 250,000 people had fled to displaced persons' camps in the last six months and more than half of the population could be living in them within 18 months.

    "Meanwhile, politicisation and militarisation of camps have become a fact of life, creating a future time bomb just waiting to go off," he warned.

    The former British ambassador to France also emphasised the effect the conflict was having on Sudan's neighbours.
      
    "The spillover effect from Darfur is clear, not least in eastern Chad." 
      
    He also called for better protection of the Central African Republic's border with Darfur, through the deployment of an international peacekeeping force.

    SOURCE: Agencies


    YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE

    'We scoured for days without sleeping, just clothes on our backs'

    'We scoured for days without sleeping, just clothes on our backs'

    The Philippines’ Typhoon Haiyan was the strongest storm ever to make landfall. Five years on, we revisit this story.

    How Moscow lost Riyadh in 1938

    How Moscow lost Riyadh in 1938

    Russian-Saudi relations could be very different today, if Stalin hadn't killed the Soviet ambassador to Saudi Arabia.

    Daughters of al-Shabab

    Daughters of al-Shabab

    What draws Kenyan women to join al-Shabab and what challenges are they facing when they return to their communities?