Thailand, Muslim separatists agree on new plan to end violence

Talks resume after one year in Malaysia to bring end to conflict that has killed more than 7,000 people since 2004.

Zulkifli Zainal Abidin, Malaysia's facilitator of peace talks for southern Thailand, center, speaks during a press conference as Chatchai Bangchaud, from Southern Border Provinces of Thailand (PEDP), left, and Ustaz Anas Abdul Rahman from Barisan Revolution Nasional Melayu Patani (BRN), listen at a hotel in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Wednesday, Feb. 7, 2024. (AP Photo/Vincent Thian)
Zulkifli Zainal Abidin, Malaysia's facilitator of peace talks for southern Thailand, centre, speaks at a press conference with Chatchai Bangchaud from the Southern Border Provinces of Thailand, left, and Ustaz Anas Abdulrahman from Barisan Revolusi Nasional Melayu Patani in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia [Vincent Thian/AP]

Thailand’s government and Muslim separatist rebels in the country’s south have agreed “in principle” on an updated roadmap to try to end decades-long fighting.

Malaysian facilitator Zulkifli Zainal Abidin told reporters on Wednesday that both sides have agreed in principle to an “improved” peace plan.

“It is a major breakthrough after the dialogue was stalled the past year due to the Thai election,” he said.

The sides held two days of talks in the Malaysian capital, Kuala Lumpur, and will meet again over the next two months to iron out details of the plan. They hope to agree to a ceasefire covering the Muslim fasting month of Ramadan, which starts on March 10, and the Thai festival of Songkran in mid-April.

Malaysia has hosted and facilitated talks between separatist groups and the Thai government since 2013, but little progress has been made. 

“The [peace plan], if the technical teams agree, will be signed as soon as possible. … There is light at the end of the tunnel. Both parties are willing to put pen on paper. Previously, there was no talk of signing any documents,” the facilitator said.

More than 7,000 people have died in the violence in Thailand’s largely ethnic Malay, Muslim provinces of Yala, Pattani and Narathiwat since 2004.

The population of the provinces, which belonged to an independent Malay, Muslim sultanate before Thailand annexed them in 1909, is 80 percent Muslim while the rest of the country is overwhelmingly Buddhist.

Thailand separatists
Relatives sit next to the body of a suspected Muslim separatist in southern Thailand’s Yala province [File: Surapan Boonthanom/Reuters]

The fighting is intermittent but brutal with the separatists carrying out drive-by shootings and bombings. Malay Muslims accuse security forces of routine abuses, including prolonged and arbitrary detentions without charge as well as extrajudicial killings.

Southern Thai Muslims – whose ethnicity, culture and language differ from the Buddhist majority – believe they are treated as second-class citizens and have the sympathy of many Malaysians, about 60 percent of whom are Muslim.

Anas Abdulrahman – the head of the Barisan Revolusi Nasional Melayu Patani, the largest of the separatist groups  – told reporters that he has high hopes for a lasting solution under the new Thai government, led by Prime Minister Srettha Thavisin.

The Thai government last year appointed Chatchai Bangchuad, the first civilian to head the talks.

Chatchai said any signing of the peace plan depends on the outcome of the technical discussions.

Source: News Agencies