Pakistan’s headline inflation eased for the first time in seven months in June, figures show – a bright spot for a beleaguered government that must call an election this year.
Year-on-year inflation was 29.4 percent last month, Pakistan Bureau of Statistics data showed on Monday, compared with a record 38 percent in May.
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Years of financial mismanagement have pushed Pakistan’s economy to the limit, exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic, a global energy crisis, and record floods that submerged a third of the country last year.
Pakistan struck a $3bn standby deal with the International Monetary Fund (IMF) on Friday, which could provide temporary relief for the country’s ballooning foreign debt.
To meet the demands of the deal, which will be considered by the IMF’s board by mid-July, Pakistan scrapped popular subsidies on gas and electricity, thereby cushioning the cost-of-living crisis.
With elections due in October, campaigning is likely to be driven by promises of development and fixing the economy.
The latest data shows poor Pakistanis are still feeling the brunt of the economic turmoil.
Food prices rose by 40 percent over June 2022 figures, while transport costs increased 20 percent in the same period.
Pakistan’s poverty rate is expected to reach 37.2 percent this year, according to a World Bank report released in April.
The rupee plunged to record lows against the dollar this year, making imported goods more expensive.
The country’s central bank raised its benchmark interest rate to a record-high 22 percent in an emergency meeting last week.
Economist Ashfaque Hasan Khan, a former special secretary at the finance ministry, warned the latest inflationary easing would likely only be temporary.
“I fear inflation will increase in July as the state bank has increased the rate of interest and fixed it at 22 percent. The [inflation] rate will also increase in case the currency is devalued as a result of any understanding between the government and the IMF,” he said.
Economist Farrukh Saleem said the “temporary relief” should not distract from systemic issues.
“The major problem remains there in the form of big borrowings by the government. This situation will keep impacting people indirectly as it will lead to increased poverty, inflation and unemployment in the country.”
Pakistan’s stock market rose by the most in more than three years in early trade on Monday, on the back of last week’s IMF deal.
Pakistan failed to meet any economic growth targets for the fiscal year 2022-23, with gross domestic product (GDP) growth at 0.3 percent.
Foreign exchange reserves have dwindled to just $3.5bn, roughly enough for three weeks of imports.