Haitians suffer in shelters as gang violence displaces thousands

Haitians seek safety in makeshift shelters, parks and abandoned buildings, with little aid or prospect of going home.

People displaced by gang violence stand in a makeshift encampment in Port-au-Prince, Haiti
People displaced by gang violence stand in Jean-Kere Almicar's front yard, where they have sought refuge, in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, June 4, 2023 [Ariana Cubillos/AP Photo]

A gang rampaged through the Cite Soleil neighbourhood, killing and raping and setting fire to hundreds of wood-and-tin homes. Forced out of the area, one family of four lived on the streets of Port-au-Prince until they were struck by a truck as they slept.

Two brothers, two and nine, died in the November accident. Jean-Kere Almicar opened his home to their distraught parents, then another family, then another, until there were nearly 200 people camped out in his front yard and nearby.

They are among more than 165,000 Haitians who have fled their homes amid a surge in gang violence, with nowhere to turn in this capital of nearly three million people.

Almicar, who once lived in Scranton, Pennsylvania but moved back to Haiti in 2007, supported them with his own money.

“There was nothing I could do except tell them to come in,” Almicar said. “Their home doesn’t exist any more. If they go back, they’re going to be killed.”

Some 79,000 people are temporarily staying with friends or family, but another 48,000 have crowded into dozens of makeshift shelters like Almicar’s or sought refuge in parks, churches, schools and abandoned buildings in Port-au-Prince and beyond. The situation is overwhelming nonprofits and non-governmental organisations.

“The government is not relocating anyone,” said Joseph Wilfred, one of several volunteers in charge of an abandoned government building in Port-au-Prince that houses nearly 1,000 people, including him and his family.

Tens of thousands of Haitians have languished in these makeshift shelters for almost a year.

They sleep on the hard floor or on flattened cardboard boxes. Belongings are stuffed into big rice bags pushed up against the walls of packed rooms. The gangs that chased them out of their homes and control up to 80 percent of the capital, by most estimates, have begun recruiting children as young as eight at shelters.

One woman staying at Almicar’s place, Lenlen Desir Fondala, said someone snatched her five-year-old son while they were living in an outdoor park in November. Her face crinkled and she began to cry, whispering that she still dreams of him.

Rapes have also become common at the shelters and in the neighbourhoods that gangs are razing.

Lovely Benjamin, 26, has scars on her torso and arm after being shot by gangs and attacked with a machete. Her four-year-old son bears a machete scar on his head. They are homeless, and Benjamin has struggled to find work.

The gangs torched the items that she used to sell, including rice and oil, and she does not have the money to buy more. She and her little boy survived the attack but gang members killed her partner and set his body on fire.

“Everybody was running,” she recalled. “The gangs burst into everyone’s home.”

Benjamin and her son now live in Almicar’s front yard along with other neighbours from Cite Soleil. On a recent morning, they crowded together, surrounded by heaps of clothes soaked by recent floods. The rocky floor where they sit and sleep also serves as a makeshift kitchen, with some cooking beans or vegetables on tiny, charcoal-fired stoves.

Those living alongside Benjamin include Januelle Dafka and her 15-year-old daughter, Titi Paul, who were both raped and impregnated by gang members. Another neighbour, Rose Dupont, confided that she was nine months pregnant when four gang members shot her in the shoulder and then beat and raped her, causing her to miscarry.

The Associated Press does not identify people who say they are the victims of sexual assault unless they agree to be named, as Dafka, Paul and Dupont did.

The women carried envelopes with detailed medical records of the horrors they endured and hope that someone will help them find a safe place to live.

For now, they take refuge in the yard of Almicar, who is known as “Big Papa”.

“He has been investing his time, his money, not to mention his strength to keep us safe,” said Dovenald Cetoute, 33, who lives there.

But few are benevolent like Almicar. Police have been evicting people from makeshift shelters, and neighbours have threatened to kick out people left homeless because of fears that gang members might be hiding among them.

The United Nations’s International Organization for Migration has helped more than 3,400 people find homes in safer areas and gives families some $350 to cover one year of rent.

But a growing number of those families have been returning to shelters as gangs continued to invade communities once considered safe. Even makeshift shelters are closing and moving elsewhere because of the continuing violence, said Philippe Branchat, head of the IOM in Haiti.

“We are hearing these terrible stories very often,” Branchat said, adding that the agency does not have access to about half of the makeshift shelters because of gang violence. “The situation is really, really bad.”

People at the shelters sometimes can only afford to eat one mango a day. Many young children are malnourished.

On a recent morning at the abandoned government building that Wilfred helps manage as a makeshift shelter, a woman wailed against the wall as the tiny body of her one-year-old goddaughter lay on the floor, wrapped in a towel. She had died just hours ago of suspected cholera.

The night before, a six-year-old boy died under similar circumstances, with health workers who visited the next morning suspecting cholera.

Hours later, an ambulance came by to pick up two other children fighting cholera. The bacteria, which sickens people who swallow contaminated food or water, has been spreading at the shelter, which has no power or running water, and just two makeshift holes in the ground that serve as a toilet for nearly 1,000 people.

The worsening situation is a regular topic at the biweekly meetings that leaders of the shelter hold for those living there.

Sony Pierre, a spokesman for the committee that runs the shelter where he lives, said he was greatly concerned about the living conditions.

“Look at this catastrophe,” Pierre said as he waved his arms at the scene behind him, where flies buzzed around aggressively in the oppressive heat. “This is an emergency … We are looking for help to live with dignity.”

Source: The Associated Press