At the start of the long Easter weekend, the airport in Argentina’s capital is eerily quiet before dawn, hours before it will fill with travellers. About 100 people who sleep inside the facility are getting ready to start their day.
One of them is Angel Gomez, who has been living in the Jorge Newbery International Airport for two years and has seen how the number of people joining him has soared.
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“After the pandemic, this became a total invasion,” Gomez said early on Thursday as he sat next to a sign advertising the Perito Moreno glacier, an iconic tourist attraction in the Patagonia region.
As passengers and staff start arriving early in the morning, dozens of people are still sleeping, some on chairs and others on the floor. Some have blankets, but many sleep directly on the floor, strewn across the airport with their few possessions close by.
The airport, known colloquially as Aeroparque, has practically become a homeless shelter at night. Once passengers start arriving, some of the overnighters head off to spend the day at soup kitchens, though others hang around the airport grounds begging for change at traffic lights and some stay seated in chairs blending in with the travellers.
It is a stark reflection of the rising poverty in a country where one of the world’s highest inflation rates is making it difficult for many to make ends meet.
“If I pay rent, I don’t eat. And if I pay for food, I’m on the street,” said Roxana Silva, who has been living at the airport with her husband, Gustavo Andres Corrales, for two years.
Silva gets a government pension of about 45,000 pesos, which is equivalent to about $213 at the official exchange rate and about half of that on the black market.
“I don’t have enough to live on,” Silva laments. She said that she and her husband take turns sleeping so someone is always watching their possessions.
More and more Argentinians are finding themselves in Silva’s situation as inflation worsens, rising to an annual rate of 102.5 percent in February.
Although Argentina has been used to double-digit inflation for years, that was the first time the annual rise in consumer prices reached triple digits since 1991.
The high inflation has been especially pronounced for basic food items, hitting the poor the hardest.
The poverty rate rose to 39.2 percent of the population in the second half of 2022, an increase of three percentage points from the first six months of the year, according to Argentina’s national statistics agency, INDEC.
Among children under age 15, the poverty rate increased more than three percentage points to 54.2 percent.
Horacio Avila, who runs an organisation devoted to helping homeless people, estimated the number of people without a roof in Argentina’s capital has soared 30 percent since 2019, when he and others carried out an unofficial count of 7,251 people in this city of approximately 3.1 million.
Amid the increased cost of living and diminishing purchasing power, more people started to look to the airport as a possible refuge.
Laura Cardoso has seen this increase firsthand in the year she has been living in the airport, “sleeping sitting up” in her wheelchair.
“More people just came in,” Cardoso said while accompanied by her two dogs that she said make it difficult for her to find a place to live because no one wants to rent to her. “It’s packed with people.”
Mirta Lanuara is a new arrival, living in the airport only about a week. She chose the airport because it is clean.
Teresa Malbernat, 68, has been living in the airport for two months and said it is safer than being in one of the city’s shelters, where she said she was robbed twice.
The Argentinian company that operates the airport, AA2000, has said it “lacks police power” and “the authority to evict these people” while also saying it has the obligation to ensure “non-discrimination in the use of airport facilities”.
For Elizabet Barraza, 58, the sheer number of homeless people living in the airport illustrated why she was choosing to emigrate to France, where one of her daughters has been living for five years.
“I’m going there because the situation here is difficult,” Barraza said as she waited to board her flight. “My salary isn’t enough to rent. Even if they increase the salaries, inflation is too high so it isn’t enough sometimes to rent and survive.”
“I don’t want to come back,” Barraza said.