Mediators push to renew truce as Israel-Hamas war resumes in Gaza

‘Those in power have decided that the killing of children would recommence,’ UN official says as humanitarian pause ends.

Palestinians flee Israeli air strikes in Gaza
A Palestinian assists a boy following an Israeli strike on a house in Rafah in the southern Gaza Strip after a temporary truce between Hamas and Israel expired on December 1, 2023 [Hatem Khaled/Reuters]

Efforts to renew the Israel-Hamas truce are under way, mediator Qatar says, after Israel resumed its bombardment of Gaza, killing dozens of Palestinians.

Qatar, which led the talks that produced the weeklong humanitarian pause that ended on Friday morning, said it will persist in seeking a renewed agreement but warned that the resumption of hostilities is complicating matters.

Officials around the world shared their disappointment at the unravelling of the truce and swift return to fighting. Some called for urgent efforts to stem the violence and prevent further civilian casualties inside the enclave.

A United Nations official said: “Those in power have decided that the killing of children would recommence.”

Israel and Hamas have blamed one another for the breakdown of the truce.

“The Hamas-ISIS terrorist organization has violated the outline. It has not met its obligation to release all of the women hostages today and has launched rockets at Israeli citizens,” Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s office said in a statement on Friday.

“The government of Israel is committed to achieving the goals of the war: Releasing the hostages, eliminating Hamas and ensuring that Gaza never again constitutes a threat to the residents of Israel,” it added.

Hamas officials accused Israel of working to wreck efforts to extend the truce.

Osama Hamdan, a senior official for the group, which governs Gaza, told Al Jazeera: “Every day in the past seven days of the temporary ceasefire, Israel was acting in a way to undermine the whole process. We were and we still are positive about all the efforts, but the Israelis are refusing them.”

Diplomatic efforts

Qatar, which together with Egypt and the United States has been mediating between Israel and Hamas, confirmed on Friday that “negotiations between the two sides are continuing with the aim of returning to a state of pause.”

It said it is committed “to continuing the efforts that led to the humanitarian pause, and will not hesitate to do everything necessary to return to calm”.

But it added that the renewed fighting “complicates mediation efforts and exacerbates the humanitarian catastrophe”.

Qatar also urged “the international community to move quickly to stop the violence”.

Last week, mediators worked through the night to clinch the final details of the truce that began on November 24 and lasted for seven days before the hostilities resumed on Friday at 7am (05:00 GMT).

Before the truce began, weeks of Israeli bombardment killed more than 15,000 Palestinians in Gaza, about 6,000 of them children. The campaign came after Hamas’s attacks on southern Israel on October 7, which killed 1,200 people and resulted in about 240 prisoners being taken back to Gaza.

During the pause, Hamas freed 110 of those captives, including 80 Israelis, in exchange for 240 Palestinian prisoners. In addition, the truce allowed more desperately needed aid to enter Gaza although supplies of food, water, medicine and fuel remain far below the levels needed by the 2.3 million people living there.


In the first few hours after the truce expired on Friday morning, Israeli bombardments killed dozens across all areas of the Gaza Strip, including the south, which Israel had said was a safe area.

Meanwhile, the Qassam Brigades, Hamas’s armed wing, said it fired rocket barrages at the cities of Ashkelon, Sderot and Beersheba in southern Israel.

“Inaction, at its core, is an approval of the killing of children,” James Elder, a spokesperson for UNICEF, said via video link from Gaza, adding: “It is reckless to think more attacks on the people of Gaza will lead to anything other than carnage.”

“Has humanity given up on the children of Gaza?!” he asked in a post on X.

The director-general of the International Committee of the Red Cross, Robert Mardini, warned that the renewed fighting takes people in Gaza back to a “nightmarish situation” and warned that it will slow or halt aid efforts.

‘Deep regret’

Several officials around the world called for the two sides to go back to the negotiating table.

“The return to hostilities only shows how important it is to have a true humanitarian ceasefire,” UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres posted on X.

UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Volker Turk said: “The resumption of hostilities in Gaza is catastrophic,” and he urged all parties with influence “to redouble efforts, immediately, to ensure a ceasefire – on humanitarian and human rights grounds.”

“Rupture of the truce is very bad news, regrettable, because it brings no solution and complicates the resolution of all questions that arise,” French Foreign Minister Catherine Colonna said. She called a truce resumption “essential”.

“We are disappointed that after a brief pause, Israel has restarted bombing the Palestinian people,” a spokesperson for Pakistan’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs said.

Germany’s Federal Foreign Office called for the international community to do everything in its power to ensure the continuation of the truce.

Working to ensure that Hamas does not pose a threat to Israel’s existence and that it is disarmed is necessary to end the suffering of Palestinians and Israelis, the ministry said on X.

“Of course, that would also mean that Hamas would have to lay down its weapons. Only in this way a political horizon can open up for a two-state solution that can provide security for both Israelis and Palestinians,” it said.

Russia said it had hoped for an extension of the pause in the fighting.

“We would certainly have preferred to see news of another extension of the humanitarian pause,” Kremlin spokesperson Dmitry Peskov said, adding that Moscow would “continue efforts” to secure the release of Russian citizens captured by Hamas.

Iran, meanwhile, hit out at Israel and the United States.

“After killing more than 15,000 Palestinians, the Zionist vampires have started a new round of killing under the continued support of the American government,” Iranian Ministry of Foreign Affairs spokesperson Nasser Kanaani said in a post on X.

He added that “the political and legal responsibility for the continuation of the aggression and massacre” rests with Israel, the US and “a few governments that support this apartheid regime”.

Source: Al Jazeera and news agencies