Hurricane Ian, one of the most powerful storms ever recorded in the United States, has swept into southwest Florida, flooding streets and buildings, knocking out power to more than one million people, and threatening catastrophic damage further inland.
The “extremely dangerous” Category 4 storm made landfall shortly after 3pm local time (19:00 GMT) on Wednesday near Cayo Costa, the US National Hurricane Center (NHC) said, bringing sustained winds of about 240 kilometres per hour (150 miles per hour).
The storm’s wind speeds put it just shy of a Category 5 designation on the Saffir-Simpson scale, the most severe classification for storms, although the NHC said Ian was expected to weaken slightly after coming ashore.
Cayo Costa is a protected barrier island just west of Fort Myers, and officials warned of the dangers to the heavily-populated Gulf Coast — with the Naples to Sarasota region at “highest risk” of a devastating storm surge from the strong winds and torrential rain.
Mark Pritchett stepped outside his home in Venice at about the time the hurricane came ashore from the Gulf of Mexico, about 56km (35 miles) to the south. He called it “terrifying.”
“I literally couldn’t stand against the wind,” Pritchett wrote in a text message to the Associated Press news agency. “Rain shooting like needles. My street is a river. Limbs and trees down. And the worst is yet to come.”
Mandatory evacuation orders had been issued in a dozen coastal Florida counties, with voluntary evacuations recommended in several others, according to the state’s emergency officials.
More than 1.1 million Florida homes and businesses were without electricity.
The US Border Patrol said 20 migrants were missing after their boat sank, with four Cubans swimming to shore in the Florida Keys islands and three rescued at sea by the coast guard.
The storm previously tore into Cuba, killing at least two people and causing the country’s power grid to collapse.
305 PM EDT 28 Sep — Hurricane #Ian has made landfall as an extremely dangerous Category 4 hurricane near Cayo Costa, Florida with maximum sustained winds at 150 mph. The minimum pressure from Air Force Reconnaissance Hurricane Hunters was 940 mb.
— National Hurricane Center (@NHC_Atlantic) September 28, 2022
“This is going to be a nasty nasty day, two days,” Florida Governor Ron DeSantis warned earlier in the day, stressing that people in Ian’s path along the coast should rush to the safest possible shelter and stay there.
Although Ian is expected to weaken to a tropical storm as it moves inland at about 14km/h (9mph), its hurricane-force winds were likely to be felt well into central Florida.
Hours after landfall, top sustained winds had eased to 210km/h (130mph), but there were warnings of storm surges as high as 2 metres (6 feet) on the opposite side of the state, in northeast Florida.
Off the coast, on Sanibel Island near Fort Myers, swirling water flooded streets. Seawater surged out of Tampa Bay, leaving parts of the muddy bottom exposed, and waves crashed over the end of a wooden pier at Naples.
In Florida, 60 school districts had cancelled classes due to the hurricane, DeSantis said. More than 175 evacuation centres were opened statewide, the governor said, many of them school buildings converted to shelters.
Commercial airlines reported more than 2,000 storm-related US flight cancellations, with airports in Tampa, St Petersburg and Key West closed. Disney World theme parks and SeaWorld in Orlando all closed ahead of the storm.
US Air Force hurricane hunters confirmed that Ian gained strength over warm Gulf of Mexico water after battering Cuba.
The hurricane could push as much as 3.6 metres (12 feet) of ocean water ashore in Florida, the Miami-based NHC said, urging people to evacuate from the danger zone. More than 2.5 million people were under mandatory evacuation orders, but by law, no one could be forced to flee.
“Catastrophic flooding is expected across portions of central Florida with considerable flooding in southern Florida, northern Florida, southeastern Georgia and coastal South Carolina,” the NHC said.
“This is a life-threatening situation,” it warned.
After Ian strengthened rapidly overnight, Fort Myers handyman Tom Hawver abandoned his plan to weather the hurricane at home and headed across the state to Fort Lauderdale.
“We were going to stay and then just decided when we got up, and they said 155 mph winds [249km/h],” Hawver said. “We don’t have a generator. I just don’t see the advantage of sitting there in the dark, in a hot house, watching water come in.”
Houses are destroyed and some are floating away as Ian's eyewall hammers southwest Florida. This is video from Fort Myers Beach, Florida off Estero Blvd by Loni Architects pic.twitter.com/6GqrxLRv9Q
— Kaitlin Wright (@wxkaitlin) September 28, 2022
On Wednesday afternoon, Chris Pollone, an NBC News correspondent, told Al Jazeera that the storm had been focused on the Fort Myers and Sanibel Island areas, about 200km (124 miles) south of Tampa on the state’s western coast.
“That area is really getting pounded right now with high storm surge, also high winds, heavy rain,” Pollone said.
“They’re seeing cars floating in the streets, buildings are being overtopped by waves as this storm Ian pushes the water onshore.”
Florida Power and Light warned it could take days for electricity to be restored. As a precaution, hundreds of residents were evacuated from several nursing homes in the Tampa area, where hospitals also were moving some patients.
Residents rushed in advance of the storm’s impact to board up their homes, stash precious belongings on upper floors and flee.
“You can’t do anything about natural disasters,” said Vinod Nair, who drove inland from the Tampa area on Tuesday with his wife, son, dog and two kittens seeking a hotel in the tourist district of Orlando. “We live in a high-risk zone, so we thought it best to evacuate.”
Ian, which is set to move across central Florida before emerging in the Atlantic Ocean late on Thursday, was the fifth-strongest hurricane in terms of wind speed to strike the US as it made landfall.
Among the other storms was Hurricane Charley, which hit nearly the same spot on Florida’s coast in August 2004, killing 10 people and causing damage valued at $14bn.