Israel to supply air defence system to the UAE

The SPYDER air defence system would boost the UAE’s capabilities after it was attacked by Yemen’s Houthi rebels earlier this year.

A helicopter in the background of a UAE military base
The UAE is attempting to boost its defence capabilities in response to missile and drone attacks earlier this year [File: Christopher Pike/Reuters]

Israel will sell an advanced air defence system to the United Arab Emirates capable of defending the Gulf country against drone attacks, in a further sign of the growing alliance between the two countries.

The Reuters news agency reported that Israel had approved a request from the UAE for the Rafael-made SPYDER mobile interceptors, according to two sources.

A third source said that the UAE would be acquiring Israeli technology that would be able to prevent a repeat of the drone attacks that hit Abu Dhabi earlier this year.

Ram Ben-Barak, the Israeli parliament’s Foreign Affairs and Defence Committee chairman, was asked about the deal on September 20, but declined to comment aside from saying that there was broad cooperation between the UAE and Israel.

The UAE has been targeted by missile and drone attacks claimed by Yemen’s Iran-allied Houthi rebels. The UAE is an active part of the Saudi-led military coalition fighting the Houthis in Yemen, while Israel and the UAE normalised ties in 2020.

The deal was said to have been reached this summer, around the time the United States and Israel were pushing Arab states to link their air defence systems to counter Iran.

However, that proposal was met with resistance from some Arab states that do not have ties with Israel, and was never fully implemented.

INTERACTIVE- Yemen war - Houthi strikes on Saudi Arabia and the UAE
[Al Jazeera]

Details of the air defence deal are unclear, with the number of interceptors to be supplied by Israel, and whether they have already been shipped, unknown.

Interceptors are fitted to vehicles and used against short to long-range threats.

Three civilians were killed in Abu Dhabi in January in the deadliest of a spate of attacks that targeted the UAE earlier this year, and are believed to have originated from Yemen.

An under-construction terminal at Abu Dhabi airport was also hit, injuring workers, according to sources briefed on the attack.

While the majority of the attacks conducted in January and February were intercepted by the UAE’s current United States-supplied defence systems, the threat has forced the country, which has long benefitted from its reputation as a safe and stable place to do business, to boost its defence capabilities.

Sources told Reuters that some of the missiles and drones that hit the UAE escaped detection by flying at low altitude, thereby avoiding the US-built Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) and Patriot interceptors.

The Israeli-made SPYDER system, on the other hand, can defend against low-altitude threats, including drones, cruise missiles and helicopters.

During a visit to the UAE at the end of January, which coincided with an attempted Houthi attack, Israeli President Isaac Herzog said that his country supported the UAE’s security needs.

Prime Minister Yair Lapid also reiterated that support last week.

Source: Reuters