WHO reports two new monkeypox deaths and new cases

Two new deaths from monkeypox in Africa, adding to at least 73 deaths in the continent since the start of 2022.

The word Monkeypox is seen on the screen of a smartphone with the World Health Organization (WHO) logo in the background.
Cases have shot up 77 percent since the last report, WHO has said. [File: Pavlo Gonchar/SOPA Images/LightRocket via Getty Images]

The World Health Organization (WHO) has reported two new deaths from monkeypox since its previous disease update on June 27, bringing the total to three since the start of the year.

Cases have shot up 77 percent since the last report to 6,027, the WHO said in a Thursday update, with bulk of them reported in the European region. However, all three deaths have been reported in Africa, the report showed.

The update also showed that more than 99 percent of the cases for which gender information was available were among men.

“The outbreak continues to primarily affect men who have sex with men who have reported recent sex with one or multiple male partners, suggesting no signal of sustained transmission beyond these networks for now,” it said.

The Geneva-based UN agency will reconvene a meeting of the committee that will advise on declaring the outbreak a global health emergency, the WHO’s highest level of alert, in the week beginning July 18 or sooner, its director-general said on Wednesday.

Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus is also due to meet with Spanish Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez on Thursday morning, a WHO spokesperson confirmed, without giving details. Spain has reported 802 cases so far, WHO data showed.

At a separate briefing, Africa’s top public health body said the monkeypox outbreaks in other parts of the world were probably proving less lethal because of early diagnosis and medical care.

“The core of it is the ability of the person who has been infected to be diagnosed early and then provide the correct medical attention,” said Ahmed Ogwell Ouma, the acting director of the Africa Centres for Disease Control and Prevention.

“This really removes a lot of the bite from the monkeypox virus,” he said.

The West African strain of the virus spreading globally also has a case death rate of approximately one percent, milder than a strain known as the Congo Basin clade which is spreading in some parts of Africa.

Since the beginning of 2022, there have been at least 73 monkeypox deaths in Africa, CDC data showed.

WHO has said it is in the process of procuring thousands of monkeypox tests for Africa but is not recommending mass vaccination at this stage.

Arica’s top public health agency said that it hopes rich countries will not hoard vaccines during the current monkeypox outbreak, as they did with the jabs against COVID-19.

Monkeypox, a mild viral infection, is endemic in 11 African countries including Cameroon, the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Nigeria.

But Europe remains the epicentre of the global monkeypox outbreak, according to the WHO.

Source: Al Jazeera and news agencies