Sri Lanka’s prime minister has offered talks with protesters calling for the government to step down over its handling of an economic crisis, as the opposition threatens to bring a no-confidence motion against it in parliament.
The island nation of 22 million people is in the throes of its worst financial crisis since independence in 1948, with a foreign currency shortage stalling imports of fuel and medicines and bringing hours of power cuts a day.
Thousands of people have taken to the streets, many staging a sit-in in the commercial capital, Colombo, to denounce the government led by President Gotabaya Rajapaksa and his elder brother, Prime Minister Mahinda Rajapaksa.
“The prime minister is ready to start talks with the protesters at Galle Face Green,” his office said in a statement on Wednesday, referring to a protest site that has become the focus of discontent.
“If protesters are ready to discuss their proposals to resolve the challenges currently facing the nation, then the prime minister is ready to invite their representatives for talks,” the office said.
Some of the protesters at the tent encampment, which has been growing in recent days with food stalls, medical facilities and phone charging stations, said this week they would only leave if the Rajapaksas stepped down.
Adding to the uncertainty, the main opposition Samagi Jana Balawegaya (SJB) alliance said it would give the president and prime minister a week to step down before moving a no-confidence motion in parliament.
“Political stability is a pre-condition for IMF talks. The people have no confidence in this government,” the SJB’s national organiser, Eran Wickramaratne, told the Reuters news agency.
“The president and the prime minister must resign,” Wickramaratne said, adding that the opposition had the necessary numbers in parliament.
The government has said it holds a majority in the 225-member parliament, which is scheduled to meet next week, despite more than two dozen legislators leaving the ruling coalition and declaring themselves independent last week.
Sri Lanka is due to begin negotiations with the International Monetary Fund (IMF) next week for a loan programme after months of delay as the crisis worsened.
Multiple ratings agencies on Wednesday downgraded Sri Lanka’s sovereign rating, citing the economic crisis in the country and rising external funding pressures.
American ratings agency Fitch also downgraded Sri Lanka’s foreign-currency rating and said the move reflects its view that a sovereign default process has begun.
“Sri Lanka’s debt restructuring process is likely to be complicated and may take months to complete,” S&P Global said in a statement.
Earlier on Wednesday, the World Bank revised Sri Lanka’s growth estimates to 2.4 percent from 2.1 percent earlier, but warned that the economic outlook continues to remain uncertain.
On Tuesday, the Sri Lankan central bank chief said he was suspending foreign debt payments and diverting dwindling foreign reserves to importing essentials.
The IMF said it was assessing the specific implications of Tuesday’s announcement but supported the country’s plans to engage with creditors.
“We assessed Sri Lanka’s debt to be unsustainable and that the country’s fiscal efforts and macroeconomic policy adjustments alone could not restore debt sustainability,” Masahiro Nozaki, IMF’s mission chief for Sri Lanka, told Reuters news agency in a statement on Wednesday.
“Therefore, we welcome the Sri Lankan authorities plan to engage in a collaborative dialogue with their creditors.”
Analysts at JP Morgan have underlined political instability as a key risk as the government scrambles to secure external assistance.
The roots of the crisis lie in mismanagement of public finances that critics say has been exacerbated by tax cuts enacted by the government just before the COVID-19 pandemic.