The United States has imposed sanctions on several entities it says are involved in obtaining supplies for Iran’s ballistic missile programme.
In a statement on Wednesday, the US Treasury Department said the sanctions target an Iran-based procurement agent, Mohammad Ali Hosseini, and his network of companies that it accused of procuring “ballistic missile propellant-related materials”.
The department said the materials were procured for an Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRCG) unit responsible for research and development of ballistic missiles, as well as Parchin Chemical Industries, which is part of Iran’s Defense Industries Organization.
“This action reinforces the United States’ commitment to preventing the Iranian regime’s development and use of advanced ballistic missiles,” said Under Secretary of the Treasury for Terrorism and Financial Intelligence, Brian E Nelson.
Iran’s foreign ministry slammed the latest sanctions on Thursday, calling them “another sign of the US government’s malice towards the Iranian people”.
Spokesman Saeed Khatibzadeh said the sanctions show the US “continues the failed policy of maximum pressure against Iran”, a reference to former US President Donald Trump’s sanctions regime, which Washington imposed on Tehran after Trump withdrew from the 2015 nuclear deal.
The latest back and forth comes as the US and Iran are in negotiations to return to the 2015 multilateral nuclear deal, formally known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), which saw Tehran scale back its nuclear programme in exchange for the lifting of international sanctions.
After Trump unilaterally withdrew from the agreement, Tehran began escalating its nuclear programme beyond the limits set by the pact.
The Biden administration has said it is privileging the path of diplomacy with the Iranian government and wants to get all the parties back into mutual compliance with the JCPOA.
“While the United States continues to seek Iran’s return to full compliance with the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, we will not hesitate to target those who support Iran’s ballistic missile program,” Nelson said.
The companies hit with sanctions in Wednesday’s action include Iran-based Jestar Sanat Delijan and Sina Composite Delijan Co, as well as P.B. Sadr Co.
The curbs freeze any US assets of those targeted and generally bar Americans from dealing with them. Those that engage in certain transactions with them also risk being hit with sanctions, the Treasury said.
The department also said the curbs come after recent attacks in the Middle East claimed by Iranian and Iran-linked groups, including IRGC ballistic missile attacks in Erbil in northern Iraq in mid-March, and rocket and drone attacks on Saudi Arabia carried out by Yemen’s Houthi rebels last week.
“We have taken this action following Iran’s recent missile attack on Erbil, Iraq, as well as missile attacks by Iranian proxies against Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates,” US Secretary of State Antony Blinken said in a separate statement.
Meanwhile, indirect negotiations between the US and Iran, which have been under way in Vienna for nearly a year, have overcome repeated disagreements but outstanding issues remain.
Speaking at the Doha Form last weekend, the US special envoy for Iran, Robert Malley, said the nuclear deal is not intended to address Iran’s regional policies or the behaviour of the IRGC.
But he declined to address the specifics of the negotiations or whether the US is considering de-listing the Iranian force.
“Many in the region view the IRGC in the same way that we view it and just witnessed the latest attack in Erbil. But we know this is not a deal that’s going to address that,” Malley said.
“So put aside, regardless of the outcome on the question of [de-listing] the IRGC, which I won’t address, I can tell you that the IRGC will remain sanctioned under US law. And our perception, our views, our policy towards the IRGC will not have changed.”