Speaking out on the eve of the 2022 Winter Olympic Games in Beijing, leading United States politicians and rights activists on Thursday sharply criticised China’s abuse of its Uighur population, ethnic cleansing in Tibet and suppression of democracy in Hong Kong.
House of Representatives Speaker Nancy Pelosi, the top Democrat in Congress, slammed the Chinese government’s actions against Uighurs as “horrible” and “diabolical” and called the camps in Xinjiang “slave labour”.
“The People’s Republic of China is perpetrating a campaign of gross human rights violations, including genocide,” Pelosi said at a panel hearing in Washington, DC, featuring testimony from Uighur, Tibetan and Hong Kong rights activists.
Rights groups allege that since 2017 China has arbitrarily detained or imprisoned up to a million Uighurs; placed many in camps, subjecting them to tight surveillance and forced sterilizations; and destroyed hundreds of mosques in Xinjiang.
China has denied the allegations of human rights abuses and genocide.
“Over the next two weeks, it is our urgent moral duty to shine a bright light on the many human rights violations being perpetrated by the host nation,” Pelosi said.
With the opening ceremonies of the Winter Games set to begin on Friday, antipathy towards China has been rising among US policymakers amid growing evidence of the government’s repression of minorities in Xinjiang and democracy in Hong Kong.
President Joe Biden has said the US government would not send officials to attend the games. Other nations joining the diplomatic boycott include the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Belgium, the Netherlands, Denmark, Sweden, Austria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, the Czech Republic, and Japan.
“While we fully support, and will root for our athletes, we cannot and will not be silent on human rights in China just to bolster their bottom line,” Pelosi said.
Pelosi’s remarks and testimony from activists came in a hearing on Thursday of the Congressional-Executive Commission on China, an independent US agency established by Congress when the US normalised trade relations with China in 2000.
Jewher Ilham, the daughter of Uighur academic economist Ilham Tohti who is serving a life sentence for advocating regional autonomy for Xinxiang, told the panel that millions of Uighurs have been imprisoned in camps.
“We are talking about millions. Hundreds of thousands of families, they don’t know if their families are alive. I don’t know if my father is alive,” Ilham said.
Nathan Law, a Hong Kong democracy activist who fled the city in 2020 amid a crackdown by Chinese authorities, said pro-democracy activists who were arrested remain jailed without trial and face the prospect of spending decades in prison. “They may not survive,” he said.
Nyima Lhamo, niece of the late Tibetan Buddhist leader Tenzin Delek Rinpoche who died in prison in 2015, said that she had been warned not to continue speaking out about his case. China has spies in many countries, and she could be killed, Lhamo said she was told.
“Growing up in Tibet it was common to hear of Tibetans dying in Chinese prisons without any justice,” she said. “There were so many of them.”
Pelosi issued a stark warning to athletes competing in the games not to speak out about China’s rights abuses.
“I would say to athletes, ‘You’re there to compete. Do not risk incurring the anger of the Chinese government, because they are ruthless’,” she said.
The House is expected to vote this week on a bill to provide US government funding for American semiconductor manufacturers and support for technology businesses to better compete with Chinese companies.
The Senate earlier passed a similar bill providing $52bn in subsidies for US semiconductor makers and Biden has urged passage of the legislation.
In December, Congress passed, and President Biden signed the Uyghur Forced Labor Prevention Act. The new law seeks to ban imports of products from Xinjiang unless producers can demonstrate they were not made by forced labour.