Russia-Ukraine war by the numbers: Live Tracker

As the Russian offensive enters its ninety-first, we track where battles are taking place and the human cost of war, as more than 6.5 million refugees stream out of Ukraine.

INTERACTIVE- Live Tracker -Russia-Ukraine war by the numbers May 21
(Al Jazeera)

As the Russian offensive enters its ninety-first day, we track where the fighting is happening and how we got here.

Read on for an overview of the situation in infographics and maps.

Who controls what in Ukraine?

Officials believe at least 22,000 residents of Mariupol have been killed in the three-month war but the actual number is likely far higher, an adviser to the mayor of Mariupol has said.

The governor of Luhansk claims the situation there is getting “worse with every hour” amid increased Russian shelling.

INTERACTIVE Russia Ukraine War Who controls what Day 910
(Al Jazeera)

Who controls what in the Donbas Region?

Luhansk’s regional governor has said shelling killed six people in Severodonetsk on Tuesday and injured another eight.

Ukraine’s General Staff has reported that Russian forces are conducting ground assaults on the outskirts of Ternova, a village recaptured by Ukrainian forces in early May, says the Institute for the Study of War.

INTERACTIVE Russia-Ukraine map Who controls what in Donbas DAY 91
(Al Jazeera)

Where are people fleeing to?

According to the UN refugee agency’s data portal, more than six million people have fled Ukraine since Russia launched its invasion. Many have sought refuge in Poland and other neighbouring states.

The latest and still growing count had 3,524,205 people entering Poland, 966,490 in Romania, 932,220 in Russia, 649,352 in Hungary, 472,377 in Moldova, 444,368 in Slovakia, and 27,308 in Belarus.

Most of the arrivals have been women and children. All men aged between 18 and 60 have been prevented from leaving Ukraine to stay and fight.

INTERACTIVE Ukraine Refugees DAY 91
(Al Jazeera)

Anti-war protests around the world

Thousands of people have taken to public squares and Russian embassies across the globe to protest against the invasion.

OVD-Info, which has documented crackdowns on Russia’s opposition for years, says more than 5,000 demonstrators have been arrested across Russia since Putin launched the war on Ukraine.

The map and list below show the locations where sizeable protests have occurred.

World cities where protests have taken place:

Adana; Amsterdam; Antwerp; Athens; Atlanta; Austin; Baku; Bangkok; Barcelona; Bari; Beirut; Berdiansk; Berlin; Bern; Bloomington; Bordeaux; Boston; Brighton; Brussels; Budapest; Buenos Aires; Caernarfon; Cambridge; Cape Town; Chicago; Colombo; Copenhagen; Curitiba; Denver; Dublin; Edinburgh; Exeter; Frankfurt; Geneva; Glasgow; Guayaquil; Helsinki; Houston; Istanbul; Krakow; Kuala Lumpur; Lahore; London; Lisbon; Madrid; Malmo; Manchester; Manila; Marseille; Melbourne; Mexico City; Milan; Milwaukee; Minneapolis; Minsk; Montclair; Montpellier; Montreal; Munich; Naples; Newcastle; New Delhi; New York City; Nice; Norwich; Nottingham; Oslo; Ottawa; Oxford; Paris; Podgorica; Prague; Pretoria; Pristina; Quezon City; Rome; Salerno; San Francisco; Santa Monica; Santiago; Sao Paulo; Seoul; Stockholm; Sydney; Taipei; Tallinn; Tbilisi; Tehran; Tel Aviv; The Hague; Thessaloniki; Tirana; Tokyo; Toronto; Turin; Vancouver; Vienna; Vilnius; Warsaw; Washington, DC; Wellington; Zakopane.

Protests have taken place in at least 50 Russian cities, including Chelyabinsk, Moscow, Nizhny Novgorod, Novosibirsk, Perm, Saint Petersburg, Samara, and Yekaterinburg.


Ukraine and Russia explained in ten maps and charts

Below are ten infographics that break down the history, politics and economics of the Ukraine-Russia crisis.

1. Conflict at a glance

After months of tensions and intense diplomacy, Russian forces invaded Ukraine. Explosions were heard across the country. Kyiv declared martial law, saying Ukraine will defend itself. Below is a summary of the conflict at a glance.

INTERACTIVE- Russia Ukraine Conflict at a glance FEB 24
(Al Jazeera)

2. History of the USSR

Russia and Ukraine were part of the 15 Soviet republics that made up the Soviet Union. Following the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, Ukraine declared independence on August 24. The map below shows when each of these countries declared independence.

INTERACTIVE- former USSR republics map
(Al Jazeera)

3. Political leadership

After independence, Ukraine moved to shed its Russian imperial legacy and forge increasingly close ties with the West.

Over the past 30 years, Ukraine has been led by seven presidents. The country has had a rocky path towards democracy with two revolutions, first in 2005 and then in 2014. Both times, protesters rejected Russia’s supremacy and sought a path to join the European Union and NATO.

By comparison, Russia has been led by three presidents, with Putin having been in office for 17 years. In 2021, Putin, the former agent of the Soviet Union’s KGB security services, signed a law that essentially enables him to stay in power until 2036.

Putin has repeatedly claimed that Russians and Ukrainians belong to “one people” and are part of the historical “Russian civilisation” that also includes neighbouring Belarus. Ukrainians reject his claims.

INTERACTIVE- Ukraine/Russia Political Leadership since 1991 graphic
(Al Jazeera)

4. How big are Ukraine and Russia?

Ukraine has an estimated population of 44 million – the seventh-largest in Europe. The country comprises 24 regions, known as oblasts. The country’s population has declined since the 1990s with fertility rates among the lowest in the world. As of 2020, Ukraine’s fertility rate was just 1.2. For context, in order for a population to remain stable, an overall total fertility rate of 2.1 is required.

Ukraine is the second-largest country in Europe, after Russia. At 603,550sq km (233,031sq miles), Ukraine is a bit smaller than the US state of Texas, about three times smaller than India, half the size of South Africa and about two and a half times the size of the United Kingdom.

INTERACTIVE- How big are Russia and Ukraine
(Al Jazeera)

5. NATO in Europe

NATO is the world’s most powerful military alliance. Comprising 30 nations, its primary role is to protect its member states by political and military means.

Russia opposes NATO bases near its borders and has asked for written guarantees that NATO will not expand eastwards. One of the Kremlin’s central demands is that Ukraine never be allowed to join NATO – a move it considers a red line. The United States has refused to concede to this demand.

Read more about NATO history and expansion here.

INTERACTIVE- NATO in Europe map
(Al Jazeera)

6. Military head to head

Russia has one of the most powerful militaries in the world and ranks among the top five defence spenders.

In 2020, Russia spent $61.7bn on its military, which accounted for 11.4 percent of government spending. In comparison, Ukraine spent $5.9bn on its armed forces, or 8.8 percent of government spending, according to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute.

Since tensions began, NATO allies, fearful of a potential ground invasion by Russia, have stepped up support for Kyiv by sending military equipment to Ukraine.

Read more about the military capabilities of Russia and Ukraine here.

INTERACTIVE- Ukraine Russia head-to-head
(Al Jazeera)

7. Oil and gas resources

Russia and Ukraine are both rich in oil and gas. Russia has the world’s highest proven gas reserves at 48,938 billion cubic metres. More than 70 percent of the country’s gas reserves are held by Gazprom, a state-owned energy giant.

Russia supplies about one-third of Europe’s natural gas. US sanctions over the conflict could disrupt that supply, exacerbating Europe’s energy crisis. On February 22, Germany halted the certification of Nord Stream 2, an $11.6bn Russian gas pipeline project that was designed to move 151 million cubic metres of gas a day into Europe.

Russia also has some of the largest proven oil reserves, at 80 billion barrels, or 5 percent of the world’s total.

Ukraine, too, has a sizeable reserve of oil and gas at 395 million barrels and 349 billion cubic metres, respectively. The country sits at the crossroads between the West and Russia, and plays a key role in delivering Russian gas to European markets.

Read more about the world’s oil and gas pipelines here.

INTERACTIVE- Oil and Gas pipelines across Russia and Ukraine
(Al Jazeera)

8. Russia and Ukraine’s main exports

More than one-quarter of the world’s wheat exports come from Russia and Ukraine. Economic sanctions or military action may have a significant effect on the cost of food as importers seek to find alternatives. Russia exported $407bn in products and Ukraine $49bn in 2019.

Read more about Russia, Ukraine and the global wheat supply here.

INTERACTIVE- Ukraine Russia main exports
(Al Jazeera)

9. Which countries rely most on Russian oil?

In 2019, the world’s top exporters of crude oil were Saudi Arabia ($145bn), Russia ($123bn), Iraq ($73.8bn), Canada ($67.8bn), and the US ($61.9bn).

China bought about one-quarter (27 percent) of Russia’s total oil exports worth $34bn. However, given China’s massive energy needs, this made up only 16 percent of the country’s oil imports.

At least 48 countries imported Russian crude oil in 2019. The countries that rely most on Russian oil include: Belarus, Cuba, Curacao, Kazakhstan, Latvia – each importing more than 99 percent of their crude oil from Russia.

The graphic below shows how much of each country’s total crude oil imports come from Russia.

Read more about what a ban on Russian oil means here.

INTERACTIVE- Which countries rely most on Russian oil AJLABS
(Al Jazeera)

10. Which countries buy the most Russian weapons?

Russia is the world’s second-largest arms exporter, behind the United States, accounting for roughly 20 percent of global weapons sales. Between 2016 and 2020, Moscow sold $28bn of weapons to 45 countries.

Russia exports nearly 90 percent of its arms to 10 countries. Its biggest customer, India, bought 23 percent of Russia’s weapons for some $6.5bn over the past five years. Half of India’s total arms imports, 49.3 percent, come from Russia.

China is the second-largest buyer of Russian weaponry at $5.1bn over the same period followed by Algeria ($4.2bn), Egypt ($3.3bn), and Vietnam ($1.7bn), according to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI).

Read more about Russian weapons here.

INTERACTIVE- Russia's biggest arms buyers
(Al Jazeera)
Source: Al Jazeera