Ukraine’s President Volodymyr Zelenskyy came to power in 2019, taking charge of the war-torn, corruption-plagued country of about 45 million without any prior political experience.
The political novice and former sitcom actor and comedian, who was dismissed by critics as a puppet of Ukrainian oligarch Ihor Kolomoisky, won his presidency by securing more than 73 percent of ballots, promising to balance the defence of Ukraine from Russian aggression with protecting the Russian speakers of his country.
Born in the predominantly Russian-speaking industrial city of Kryvyi Rih in central Ukraine, the father of two was seen as best placed to succeed in his mission and shortly after becoming president, used diplomacy to get Moscow to exchange several groups of Ukrainian prisoners of war.
But the goodwill of Russia’s President Vladimir Putin was not to last, as Zelenskyy did not change his country’s pro-Western foreign policy in favour of closer ties to its former master, Moscow.
Last year, Russia started amassing its troops near Ukraine’s borders with a pretext of holding military exercises.
Despite warnings by the United States of the Russian plan to invade Ukraine, Zelenskyy tried to keep calm in the country, calling on Ukrainians to avoid panic.
However, he shuttled around the capitals of Europe, trying to secure diplomatic, military and financial support for Ukraine to deter Moscow from invading.
On Thursday, February 24, Zelenskyy became Europe’s most vulnerable president, as Russia launched an all-out invasion of Ukraine by land, air and sea.
‘A regime change’
Fabrice Pothier, a chief strategy officer at the political consultancy Rasmussen Global and former director of policy planning at NATO, told Al Jazeera from Santander, Spain that Putin’s aim was “political capitulation” – “a regime change” in Ukraine.
“It is pretty clear that he wants a regime change and the regime should be – in his view – sympathetic to Russia’s interest, turning down the NATO and the EU membership path, claiming some kind of neutrality or a Finland position,” he said, referring to Finland’s historic decision to associate with Europe, but avoid hostility towards Russia by not joining NATO.
If the Ukrainian defense does not crumble in the next few days, #Zelenskiy (a comedian originally) will become a leader that will be remembered by history. If Ukraine somehow prevails (🍀🤞), he will be a legend.https://t.co/HruzBzbCBf pic.twitter.com/Ay7qISUmFt
— Aybike Mergen (@aybikemutluer) February 25, 2022
Zelenskyy also identified himself as “target number one” of Russia, but he and his family remained in Ukraine.
“They want to destroy Ukraine politically by taking down the head of state,” the president said.
The 44-year-old also criticised Ukraine’s allies for not coming to his country’s defence physically, limiting themselves with verbal, financial and diplomatic support.
“We have been left alone to defend our state,” he said in a video address to the nation after midnight. “Who is ready to fight alongside us? I don’t see anyone. Who is ready to give Ukraine a guarantee of NATO membership? Everyone is afraid.”
Social media users have recognised his vulnerability, by dubbing him “a lonely but honourable man”.
A lonely but honorable man Zelensky History will remember you with this stance. History will not forget America and Europe, how they left you alone, how they cheated.. #Kiew #Zelenskiy #Ukrainian #Ukraine #Russia #Russian #RussiaUkraine #Putin #Biden #NATO #NoWar #Europe pic.twitter.com/G3pdgipk4T
— SerkaNNakreS (@SerkanNNnakreS) February 25, 2022