These figures detailing allegations of child sexual abuse by clergy do not tell the full story.
Former Roman Catholic Cardinal Theodore McCarrick, the once-powerful American prelate who was expelled from the priesthood for sexual abuse, has pleaded not guilty to sexually assaulting a 16-year-old boy during a wedding reception in Massachusetts nearly 50 years ago.
McCarrick, 91, on Friday wore a mask and entered suburban Boston’s Dedham District Court hunched over a walker. “Shame on you!” a protester shouted.
He did not speak during the hearing, at which the court entered a not guilty plea on his behalf, set bail at $5,000, and ordered him to stay away from the victim and have no contact with minors.
McCarrick is the only US Catholic cardinal, current or former, to ever be criminally charged with child sex crimes.
McCarrick’s lawyer, Katherine Zimmerl, said afterwards that they are “looking forward to addressing the allegations in court” and would have no other immediate comment.
The next hearing was set for October 28.
McCarrick, who now lives in Dittmer, Missouri, faces three counts of indecent assault and battery on a person over 14, according to court documents.
Demonstrators had gathered outside the courtroom on Friday with one holding up a sign that said “Ordained and betrayed”.
Susan Renehan, 73, who said a priest sexually assaulted her when she was a teenager, said she hoped McCarrick’s case was a “beginning, not the end”.
“So many children lost their lives, their innocence,” she said outside the Dedham, Massachusetts courthouse. “Nobody seems to care in the Catholic Church.”
While other cases of abuse against Catholic clergy in the US were not prosecuted because they happened too long ago, McCarrick can still face charges because he was not a Massachusetts resident and had left the state, stopping the clock on the statute of limitations.
He has been charged with sexually molesting a then-16-year-old boy at a wedding reception in 1974. The accuser alleged McCarrick abused him for years, beginning when he was a young boy and taking place in several states including New York, California, New Jersey and Massachusetts.
McCarrick’s fall began in 2017 when a former altar boy came forward to report the priest had groped him when he was a teenager in New York.
The following year, the Archdiocese of New York announced that McCarrick had been removed from ministry after finding the allegation to be “credible and substantiated,” and two New Jersey dioceses revealed they had settled claims of sexual misconduct against him in the past involving adults.
Pope Francis defrocked McCarrick in 2019 after a Vatican investigation determined he sexually abused minors, as well as adults.
A two-year internal investigation into McCarrick found that three decades of bishops, cardinals and popes downplayed or dismissed reports of sexual misconduct. Correspondence showed they repeatedly rejected the information outright as rumour and excused it as an “imprudence”.
The investigative findings released last year pinned much of the blame on Pope John Paul II, who appointed McCarrick archbishop of Washington, DC, despite having commissioned an inquiry that confirmed McCarrick slept with seminarians.
In the Massachusetts case, authorities began investigating McCarrick after the accuser’s lawyer, Mitchell Garabedian, sent a letter to the district attorney’s office alleging the abuse, according to the court records.
The accuser, who has not been named publicly, told authorities during an interview in January that McCarrick was close to his family when he was growing up and that the priest would perform wedding masses, baptisms and funerals for them.
The man said that during the 1974 incident at a wedding, the two of them went for a walk around campus and McCarrick groped him before they went back to the party. The man said McCarrick also sexually assaulted him in a “coat room type closet” after they returned to the reception, authorities wrote in the documents.
The man told investigators that before leaving the room, McCarrick told him to “say three Our Fathers and a Hail Mary or it was one Our Father and three Hail Marys, so God can redeem you of your sins,” according to the report.
He also described other instances of sexual abuse by McCarrick over the years, including when the man was an adult, according to the court records.
Ordained as a priest in New York City in 1958, McCarrick ascended the church ranks despite apparent common knowledge in the US and Vatican leadership that “Uncle Ted,” as he was known, slept with seminarians.
The case against McCarrick and other Catholic clerics is especially raw in Boston, where the global priest sex abuse scandal first was exposed.
Reporting by The Boston Globe’s Spotlight team helped break open the scandal in the Archdiocese of Boston in 2002. The reporting uncovered how dozens of priests in the archdiocese had molested and raped children for decades while church higher-ups covered it up and shuffled abusive priests from parish to parish.
A movie about the Globe’s reporting, “Spotlight,” won the 2016 Academy Award for best picture.
McCarrick became one of the most visible Catholic Church officials in the US and even served as the spokesman for fellow US bishops when they enacted a “zero-tolerance” policy against sexually abusive priests in 2002.
Cardinal George Pell was convicted of sexual abuse in his native Australia, but his conviction was ultimately thrown out. And French Cardinal Philippe Barbarin was convicted but later acquitted of charges that he covered up for a notorious paedophile priest.