Border police can ethnically profile people, Dutch court rules

Hague District Court says that ethnicity can be used to single out passengers for checks, but activists pledge to appeal.

The decision came in a case brought against the government by two citizens who argued that they were singled out for checks by officers from the country's Marechaussee police force because of the colour of their skin [Mike Corder/AP]

A Dutch court ruled that border police can use ethnicity as one of the criteria for selecting people for checks at the border, a legal defeat that rights activists immediately promised to appeal.

The decision on Wednesday came in a case brought against the government by two citizens, backed by rights groups, who argued that they were singled out for checks by officers from the country’s Marechaussee police force because of the colour of their skin.

Lawyers told the court that one plaintiff, Mpanzu Bamenga, a city councillor from Eindhoven who was born in Congo, was selected for a check as he returned to the Netherlands on a flight from Rome in part because he “didn’t look Dutch”.

“Every time that I’m coming home to my country, the Netherlands, I’m being stopped because of my ethnicity,” Bamenga told The Associated Press.

“We hoped that today that the court basically would rule that ethnicity cannot be part of a risk profile, but the court ruled different and that’s very disappointing,” he said.

He promised to keep pursuing the case for as long as it takes.

“We have a very big mission — a mission of equal rights, a mission of equal opportunities,” he said. “It’s not a sprint … it’s definitely a marathon. We know it’s going to be a long road and we are willing to fight for it and we will.”

The Hague District Court ruled that ethnicity can be one of the criteria for singling out passengers, but not the only one. The checks are carried out at airports and on trains and buses from European Union destinations to prevent people illegally coming and staying in the Netherlands.

“The court says that the checks, as they’re carried out by the Royal Marechaussee, are not contrary to the prohibition on discrimination,” spokeswoman Jeannette Honee said.

But lawyer Jelle Klaas called the decision “incomprehensible”, adding it was a “missed chance” that “leaves open the door for ethnic profiling.”

The defence ministry, which is in charge of the border police, did not immediately return a call from the AP seeking comment.

The case comes against a backdrop of a broader debate about race, inequality and discrimination in the Netherlands.

Dagmar Oudshoorn, director of the Dutch branch of Amnesty International, which was involved in the case, said Wednesday’s decision “not only throws international human rights law out of the window, but also tramples on Article 1 of the Dutch constitution.”

The constitution’s first article says that discrimination based on “religion, belief, political opinion, race or gender, or on any other grounds whatsoever” is outlawed.

Dionne Abdoelhafiezkhan from Dutch NGO Controle Alt Delete said the ruling was “highly disappointing”.

“The harmful practice of racial profiling will remain a day-to-day reality. Every time non-white Dutch citizens return home, they run the risk of being singled out because of the colour of their skin,” she said.

As the Black Lives Matter movement swept the world last year, Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte conceded that racial inequality was not unique to the United States.

“There are also people living in the Netherlands who in that regard feel that they don’t fully fit in, that they can’t play a full role in this society,” he said. “That is also a Dutch problem. There is racism here, too. There is discrimination here, too.”

Source: AP