Tunisia president indicates plans to amend constitution

Kais Saied says the 2014 charter is ‘not eternal’ and can be amended within existing constitutional means.

President Kais Saied gestures as he walks protected by security while touring through Habib Bourguiba avenue in the centre of the capital, Tunis [File: Tunisian Presidency/AFP]

Tunisia’s President Kais Saied has indicated plans to change the country’s constitution, seven weeks after he seized power in moves his opponents called a coup.

The comments on Saturday represented Saied’s clearest statement yet about what he intends to do next, having sworn there was “no going back” to the situation in the North African nation before his intervention on July 25.

Speaking live on television in a central Tunis boulevard, Saied said he respected the 2014 democratic constitution but that it was “not eternal” and could be amended.

“Amendments must be made within the framework of the constitution,” he told the Sky News Arabia channel and Tunisian state television.

One of Saied’s advisers told Reuters news agency on Thursday the president was planning to suspend the constitution and offer an amended version via a referendum, prompting opposition from political parties and the powerful UGTT labour union.

Anxiety has been growing, both internally and among Western democracies that have supported Tunisia’s public finances, over Saied’s intentions since his July 25 announcement that he was sacking the prime minister and suspending parliament.

The former constitutional law professor justified those moves by citing emergency measures in the constitution that his critics and many legal scholars said did not support his intervention. Though he indefinitely extended the measures after a month, he has yet to appoint a new government or make any clear declaration of his long-term intentions, as Tunisia struggles to confront a rolling economic crisis.

Saied on Saturday pledged again to form a new government “as soon as possible”, after selecting “the people with the most integrity”.

He declined to give a specific timeline, however.

Saied’s intervention drew widespread support after years of political paralysis, but it has thrust Tunisia into crisis a decade after it threw off dictatorship and embraced democracy in the revolution that triggered the Arab Spring.

Political leaders have complained about the constitution since it was agreed in 2014, calling for it to be changed to either a more directly presidential, or a more directly parliamentary, system.

Article 144 of the constitution says an amendment to the document can only be put to a referendum if it has already been approved by two-thirds of the parliament, an institution Saied last month called “a danger to the state”.

The current parliament was elected in 2019, a week after Saied was elected. He does not have the power to dissolve it and call new elections, but some of the parties in the deeply fragmented chamber have indicated they could do so themselves.

The moderate Islamist Ennahdha, the biggest party in parliament with a quarter of the seats, has accused Saied of carrying out a coup and on Saturday said deviating from the constitution would mean a retreat from democracy.

The UGTT, the main labour union in Tunisia, also signalled on Saturday it opposed the idea of suspending the constitution and called instead for new parliamentary elections.

Meanwhile ambassadors from the Group of Seven advanced economies last week urged the Tunisian president to quickly form a government and return to “a constitutional order, in which an elected parliament plays a significant role”.

Source: News Agencies