Report reveals ‘harrowing violations’ of detained migrants returned to Libya with the complicity of European states.
Eight people remain missing after a boat carrying migrants and refugees sank off southwest Turkey, the Turkish defence ministry has said, with search and rescue efforts ongoing.
Thirty-seven people were rescued from the vessel, the ministry said in a statement on Friday, which sank some 259km (161 miles) southwest of the Turkish resort town of Kas late on Thursday.
Turkish naval ships and an aircraft were involved in the search and rescue operation, the statement added.
There was no immediate information on the nationalities of those involved.
Migrants and refugees often use Turkey as a gateway to reach the European Union, mainly via Greece.
Many rely on smugglers and risk their lives through perilous journeys in overcrowded boats.
In 2016, Turkey signed a deal with the EU aimed at curtailing migrant and refugee arrivals from the country into Europe in return for some incentives including financial assistance.
Turkey currently hosts some 3.7 million Syrian refugees.
President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has long demanded more assistance from the EU to deal with the refugees and has previously threatened to open Turkey’s border if the bloc does not provide additional funds.
In June, EU leaders gave a green light to plans to give Turkey another three billion euros ($3.6bn) over the next few years to provide fresh assistance to Syrian refugees on its territory and to help the country boost border controls.
The plan for the new funding is part of a range of enticements that the bloc is using to try to keep Erdogan on side, with Brussels also offering to modernise a customs union with Turkey and start high-level talks on issues from health to security.
But Turkey has called reducing cooperation on migration to a financial dimension “a big delusion” while urging greater cooperation with the bloc to tackle the issue.
Ankara has repeatedly said it wants a review of the 2016 deal in a fashion that “responds to the needs of the day and common interests”.
Turkey now fears a fresh wave of migrants and refugees from Afghanistan after the United States withdrew its troops from the country following years of fighting against the Taliban armed group, which has been regaining territory recently.
Erdogan said this week that Ankara was holding talks with Afghan authorities over the issue of possible migrant and refugee arrivals.