The crisis follows three straight years of drought as well as a deep recession triggered by the COVID-19 pandemic.
Some 41 million people in 43 countries are at imminent risk of famine, with nearly 600,000 others in four countries already experiencing famine-like conditions, the World Food Programme (WFP) has warned.
In a statement on Tuesday, the United Nations agency said wars, climate change and economic shocks have been driving the increase in hunger while soaring prices for basic items compound existing pressures on food security this year.
“I am heartbroken at what we’re facing in 2021,” said WFP’s Executive Director David Beasley. “We now have four countries where famine-like conditions are present. Meanwhile, 41 million people are literally knocking on famine’s door.”
“I am heartbroken at what we’re facing in 2021” – @WFPChief on new data that shows 4️⃣1️⃣ million people knocking on famine’s door. 💔
— World Food Program USA (@WFPUSA) June 22, 2021
But Beasley warned against “debating numbers to death” as it happened in Somalia in 2011 when 130,000 people – half the eventual toll from starvation – had already died by the time famine was declared.
The WFP, which is funded entirely by voluntary donations, said it needs to raise $6bn immediately to reach those at risk in 43 countries.
“We need funding and we need it now,” said Beasley.
Increase in world food prices
After declining for several decades, world hunger has been on the rise since 2016, driven by conflict and climate change.
In 2019, 27 million people were on the brink of famine, according to the WFP, but since 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic has been added to the mix.
World food prices rose in May to their highest levels in a decade, UN figures show, with basics like cereals, oilseeds, dairy products, meat and sugar up a combined 40 percent versus year-ago levels.
According to WFP, global maize prices have soared almost 90 percent year-on-year, while wheat prices are up almost 30 percent over the same period.
Currency depreciation in countries such as Lebanon, Nigeria, Sudan, Venezuela and Zimbabwe is adding to these pressures and driving prices even higher, stoking food insecurity.
The WFP, which was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize last year, says about 9 percent of the world’s population, equivalent to nearly 690 million people, go to bed hungry each night.