At least 89 politicians, including 35 candidates, have been killed during electoral campaign, security consultancy says.
Mexico’s president pledged to investigate the border shootings that left 19 dead during the weekend, even as the latest homicide figures showed a rebound in killings nationwide.
President Andrés Manuel López Obrador said evidence indicated that 15 of the victims were innocent bystanders. The other four dead were suspected gunmen from a group that drove into the northern border city of Reynosa and opened fire indiscriminately.
“Everything indicates that it was not a confrontation, but rather a commando that shot people who were not involved in any conflict,” López Obrador said.
Reynosa is located across the border from McAllen, Texas, and has been the scene of fighting between factions of the Gulf cartel. But those disputes usually target rival gunmen or security forces. The dead in the Saturday attack included taxi drivers, workers and a nursing student.
Authorities are still investigating the motive, though in the past, drug cartels have sometimes used random killings of civilians to turn up the heat on rival gangs or intimidate local authorities.
López Obrador asked federal prosecutors to take over the case and pledged “a thorough investigation”.
María Elena Morera, director of the civic anti-crime group Common Cause, said many people have become inured to such violence.
“Mexicans have become accustomed to all these atrocities, without there being any real reaction,” Morera said. “In the face of so much violence, people prefer not to let the pain in, and turn away.”
The killings Saturday in Reynosa, and the latest nationwide homicide figures, suggest that López Obrador’s “hugs, not bullets” crime strategy is doing little to decrease killings.
There were 2,963 homicides in May, the latest month for which figures are available, higher than May 2020 and well above the numbers that prevailed when López Obrador took office in December 2018.
The government said homicides declined 2.9 percent in the first five months of 2021 compared with 2020, but that may be because January and February of this year were marked by Mexico’s worst coronavirus wave, when public activities were curtailed.
“This is nothing,” Morera said of the drop. “It is as if you keep a patient in a coma and then say he’s doing very well.”
Tamaulipas Governor Francisco García Cabeza de Vaca called the Reynosa victims “innocent citizens”, and said, “Criminal organisations must receive a clear, explicit and forceful signal from the federal government that there will be no room for impunity, nor tolerance for their reprehensible criminal behaviour.”
García Cabeza de Vaca belongs to the rival National Action Party and is himself being investigated by the federal prosecutor’s office for organised crime and money laundering – accusations he has said are part of a plan by López Obrador’s government to attack him for being an opponent.
Local businessman Misael Chavarria Garza said many businesses closed early Saturday after the attacks and people were very scared as helicopters flew overhead.
On Sunday, he said, “The people were quiet as if nothing had happened, but with a feeling of anger because now crime has happened to innocent people.”
The attacks sparked a deployment of the military, National Guard and state police across the city.
The area’s criminal activity has long been dominated by the Gulf cartel and there have been fractures within that group. Experts said there has been an internal struggle within the group since 2017 to control key territories for drug and human trafficking. Apparently, one cell from a nearby town may have entered Reynosa to carry out the attacks.
Olga Ruiz, whose 19-year-old brother Fernando Ruiz was killed by the gunmen, said her sibling was working as a plumber and bricklayer in a company owned by his stepfather to pay for his studies.
“They killed him in cold blood, he and two of his companions,” said Olga Ruiz, adding that the gunmen arrived where her brother was fixing a drain.
“They heard the gunshots from afar and my stepfather told him: ‘Son, you have to take shelter.’ So he asked permission to enter a house but my brother and his companions were only about to enter when the vehicles arrived,” Ruiz said. “They stopped in front of them and started to shoot.”
López Obrador has sought to avoid confrontations with drug cartels, at one point releasing a top trafficker to avoid bloodshed. He prefers to focus on addressing underlying social problems like youth unemployment.
Earlier this month, López Obrador praised the drug cartels for not disrupting the June 6 midterm voting, even though three dozen candidates were killed during the campaigns.
“People who belong to organised crime behaved very well, in general, there were few acts of violence by these groups,” the president said. “I think the white-collar criminals acted worse.”