Military attacks have forced villagers into the jungle and stiffened the resolve of those fighting against the coup.
The United Nations human rights chief has warned that violence is intensifying across Myanmar, slamming the country’s military government for being “singularly responsible” for a “human rights catastrophe”.
In a statement published on Friday, UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet said multiple reports indicated that armed conflict was continuing, including in Kayah, Chin and Kachin states, with the violence particularly intense in areas with significant ethnic and religious minority groups.
“There appear to be no efforts towards de-escalation but rather a build-up of troops in key areas, contrary to the commitments the military made to ASEAN to cease the violence,” said Bachelet, referring to the 10-member regional bloc.
“In just over four months, Myanmar has gone from being a fragile democracy to a human rights catastrophe,” Bachelet added. “The military leadership is singularly responsible for this crisis, and must be held to account.”
The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) has led the main international diplomatic effort to find a way out of the crisis in Myanmar, since the country was thrown into political turmoil following a military coup that removed Aung San Suu Kyi’s democratically elected government on February 1.
The military’s powergrab unleashed daily pro-democracy protests that have been met by a bloody security crackdown, as well as strikes that have paralysed the country’s economy and fighting in borderlands between the armed forces and ethnic minority armed groups.
The ASEAN mediation has so far made little progress. Last week, two envoys from the bloc visited Myanmar and met top military government officials, including military chief Min Aung Hlaing. The trip was criticised by pro-democracy groups, who say they are being shut out.
The UN, Western countries and China all back ASEAN’s peace efforts, but the Myanmar military, known as the Tatmadaw, has paid little heed to that and instead touted the progress of its own five-step plan towards a new election.
‘A human rights catastrophe’
In its statement, the UN human rights office said more than 108,000 people have fled their homes in Kayah state over the past three weeks, with many taking refuge in forest areas with little or no food, water, sanitation or medical aid.
Bachelet cited “credible reports” that security forces have shelled civilian homes and churches and blocked access to humanitarian aid.
“The international community needs to unify in its demand that the Tatmadaw cease the outrageous use of heavy artillery against civilians and civilian objects,” Bachelet said.
She also said newly formed civilian forces, known as People’s Defence Forces, and other armed groups, must take all measures to keep civilians away from harm.
Bachelet is set to update the UN’s top human rights body, the Human Rights Council, during its next session in July, her office said.
The statement also put the death toll of people killed by security forces since the coup to 860, most of them protesters. At least 4,804 others are still in arbitrary detention — including activists, journalists and opponents of the military government — with reports of detainees and activists’ family members being tortured and punished, respectively.
One activist’s mother was given three years of jail time in place of her son on May 28, according to the UN’s office.
Aung San Suu Kyi was placed under custody as the military takeover was unfolding and charged with a string of charges, including a new one on Thursday for alleged corruption. She is due to go on trial on Monday.
The crackdown in the country also continues, including the detention of Htar Htar Lin, a top doctor and the country’s director for immunisation. She was arrested with her husband and their seven year-old child, as well as another friend and her child. Htar Htar Lin had reportedly joined the civil disobedience movement against the military in February.
Despite the threats of more arrests, demonstrators also remain defiant with more protests in the central city of Monywa and Mandalay reported on Friday night. In Salingyi township in the Sagaing region, dozens of women and several children were also pictured on social media marching on Friday.
A “guerilla-style” demonstration was also reported in Shwe Pyi Thar, a township near Yangon, which has been placed under martial law.