The Taliban “would roll back much” of the progress made in Afghan women’s rights if the fighting group regain national power, according to an assessment released on Tuesday by top US intelligence analysts.
The US National Intelligence Council report will likely reinforce fears that the Taliban will resume the harsh treatment that women and girls suffered under their 1996-2001 rule should the group prevail in a full-blown civil war.
“The Taliban remains broadly consistent in its restrictive approach to women’s rights and would roll back much of the past two decades of progress if the group regains national power,” said the US intelligence community’s top analytical body.
At the same time, the council’s “Sense of the Community Memorandum” said women’s rights would likely be threatened after the US-led military coalition withdraws, a finding reflecting the conservative nature of Afghanistan’s male-dominated society.
“Progress [in women’s rights] probably owes more to external pressure than domestic support, suggesting it would be at risk after coalition withdrawal, even without Taliban efforts to reverse it,” the assessment said.
US President Joe Biden’s decision last month to withdraw the last few thousand troops – triggering a pullout of other foreign forces – is raising fears Afghanistan could plunge into an all-out civil war that could bring the Taliban back to power.
Those concerns have been stoked by a deadlock in the US-backed peace talks, while the Taliban has intensified attacks on government forces after a missed May 1 deadline for the US troop departure.
Before being removed by the 2001 US-led invasion, the Taliban imposed a harsh version of the rule that included barring girls from school and women from working outside their homes and prohibiting them from being in public without a male relative.
Women who violated those rules often suffered humiliation and public beatings by the Taliban’s religious police.
The new report, however, noted that many of those practices have continued in government-controlled areas and “years of war have left millions of women maimed, widowed, impoverished and displaced”.
Gains made in women’s rights have been touted as a significant accomplishment during the 20 years that US-led forces have been deployed, although mostly in urban centres.
The Biden administration has pledged to continue civilian assistance after US troops depart, including to women’s programmes. But it has warned that Afghanistan would suffer isolation and sanctions if it backslides on human rights.
A February 2020 US-Taliban accord struck by the Donald Trump administration specified a May 1 deadline for completion of a US troop withdrawal from America’s longest war.
Biden, however, decided to complete the withdrawal before the anniversary of September 11, 2001, al-Qaeda attacks on the United States that triggered the US-led invasion.