US to hold WTO talks about COVID vaccine distribution

Biden administration faces increasing pressure to help lower-income nations access much-needed coronavirus jabs.

US President Joe Biden's administration has faced calls to waive intellectual property rights on much-needed coronavirus vaccines to allow more countries to manufacture doses [File: Hannah Beier/Reuters]

The top United States trade representative will begin discussions with the World Trade Organization (WTO) about how to more widely distribute COVID-19 vaccines, as the country faces increasing pressure to help other nations get much-needed jabs.

White House Chief of Staff Ron Klain said on Sunday that US Trade Representative Katherine Tai would hold talks with the WTO “on how we can get this vaccine more widely distributed, more widely licensed, more widely shared”.

“We’re going to have more to say about that in the days to come,” Klain said during an interview on the CBS News programme Face the Nation.

US President Joe Biden’s administration has faced calls to waive intellectual property rights on much-needed coronavirus vaccines to allow more countries to manufacture doses.

The US, which has the most coronavirus cases and deaths in the world, has sped up vaccinations of its own population this year, with nearly 56 percent of adults receiving at least one jab to date, according to US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) data.

But many other countries have not been able to rapidly inoculate their populations amid a global vaccine supply shortage and other challenges – and public health experts say the US should be doing more to promote global vaccine equity.

Last month, international medical charity Doctors Without Borders (Medecins Sans Frontieres, or MSF) urged rich nations to stop blocking patent waivers for COVID-19 vaccines to help lower-income countries secure doses.

The US said last week that it was considering its options to maximise global production and supply of the vaccines at the lowest cost, including backing a proposed waiver of intellectual property rights, but that no decision had been made.

Biden’s national security adviser, Jake Sullivan, said on Sunday that the administration believes pharmaceutical companies “should be supplying at scale and at cost to the entire world so that there is no barrier to everyone getting vaccinated”.

Tai’s office did not respond to an emailed request for additional details from The Associated Press news agency.

Also on Sunday, independent US Senator Bernie Sanders said while the US must ensure every citizen gets vaccinated as quickly as possible, it also has a “moral obligation” to ensure other countries also have access to jabs.

Nearly 56 percent of US adults have received at least one COVID-19 vaccine jab [File: John Locher/AP Photo]

“I think what we have got to say right now to the drug companies, when millions of lives are at stake around the world, yes – allow other countries to have these intellectual property rights so that they can produce the vaccines that are desperately needed in poor countries,” Sanders said in an interview with NBC News’ Meet the Press programme.

“There is something morally objectionable about rich countries being able to get that vaccine and yet millions, and billions, of people in poor countries are unable to afford it.”

Source: Al Jazeera and news agencies