Ambassador Kyaw Moe Tun discusses the escalating conflict in his country.
Explosions have rocked Myanmar’s largest city Yangon as protesters held flash marches for democracy and overnight candle-lit vigils, defying a brutal military leadership that has held onto power for three bloody months.
The country has been in turmoil since the military deposed civilian leader Aung San Suu Kyi on February 1, bringing an abrupt end to Myanmar’s short-lived experiment with democracy.
The power grab triggered an enormous uprising, which authorities have tried to quell with deadly force and live ammunition.
As Myanmar entered its fourth month under military rule on Saturday, protesters in commercial hub Yangon – an epicentre of unrest with a heavy security presence – staged flash demonstrations, marching rapidly through the streets to avoid confrontation with police and soldiers.
The lightning-quick pace of the protests is “so that people will have time to disappear when the security forces come, or else they would die or get arrested,” said student activist Min Han Htet.
Candle-lit protests were also held late on Saturday, according to social media posts on Sunday morning.
In Yangon’s Insein township, a bomb blast went off on Saturday around 10am local time (03:30 GMT) near a local school, said a resident staying nearby.
“Some security forces came to check the blast area, but I only watched from a distance from my home because I was worried they would arrest me,” he told AFP.
By afternoon, two more blasts went off in Yankin, further south, according to residents of the leafy residential township.
“I thought it was thunder,” a resident told the AFP news agency, adding that the explosions left the security forces nervous.
The state-run evening news said a woman was wounded in the Yankin blasts, which it blamed on “instigators”.
No one has yet claimed responsibility for the bombings that are taking place with increasing frequency in Yangon.
Residents of Mandalay held an anti-regime rally on Saturday, raising the three-finger salute and demanding the release of prisoners detained by the junta. #WhatsHappeninglnMyanmar pic.twitter.com/NUAEtmhFYw
— Myanmar Now (@Myanmar_Now_Eng) May 1, 2021
‘They made people live in fear’
The former capital has utterly transformed since the military seized power on February 1, with barricades erected in key protest hotspots, security forces on patrol, and residents reporting nighttime arrests of suspected dissidents.
“They (the military) have made people live in fear and it is good to have them on edge as well,” the Yankin resident said.
He also praised the flash protesters for their ingenuity in evading arrest and crackdowns.
“Any show of defiance without getting captured or killed is great for the resistance.”
Across the country, nearly 760 civilians have been killed in the anti-coup unrest, according to a local monitoring group, though the military has recorded a far lower death toll. Thousands were also reportedly taken by security forces.
In Yangon, there have been social media posts of security forces taking people, including children, from their homes. An orphanage in Yangon run by the Christian Salvation Army was also reportedly raided, although it was unclear if women and teachers at the centre were taken into custody.
Al Jazeera could not independently verify the posts.
But the democracy movement remains undeterred, with demonstrators gathering Saturday in central Monywa city – a flashpoint for violence – carrying signs that said, “Monywa cannot be ruled”.
In southern Dawei, protesters waved the signature red flags of Aung San Suu Kyi’s National League for Democracy (NLD) party, and carried signs that said, “We want democracy”.
Wanted posters of military government leader Senior General Min Aung Hlaing were also pasted around town, calling him a “power addict”.
He has continuously justified the putsch as necessary to protect democracy, alleging fraud in November’s election which Aung San Suu Kyi’s party won in a landslide.
The unceasing violence against protesters has drawn the ire of some of Myanmar’s myriad ethnic armies, many of which have been battling the military for decades in border regions.
Several have condemned the military and come out in support of the anti-coup movement, offering shelter to fleeing activists in the territory they control.
Clashes between the military and the Karen National Union (KNU), one of the leading rebel groups, have escalated since the coup.
The KNU has seized and razed military posts and the military has responded with repeated air raids in the rebels’ Karen state heartland – the latest taking place right after midnight Saturday.
The targeted area is right next to Thailand’s northern Mae Hong Son province, and displaced residents have fled across the Salween River, which demarcates the border.
“Myanmar soldiers used a fighter aircraft to launch an air strike operation, firing two rockets and artilleries” around 12:48am (18:18 GMT on Friday), said a statement released by Mae Hong Son’s governor Sithichai Jindaluang.
He added that more than 2,300 Myanmar nationals have crossed into Thailand.
Media and local Karen aid groups were blocked access to the refugees, with authorities citing the spread of COVID-19 as a reason, stopping to check the temperatures of locals returning home.
Violence has also flared in Myanmar’s northern Kachin state between the Kachin Independence Army and the military, which launched air raids in Momauk township Friday.
Saturday saw fresh artillery shelling hit two small towns, according to a humanitarian worker, who said residents were fearful about the fighting getting closer.