United Nations peacekeeping troops said they have retaken control of a city in the Central African Republic captured two weeks ago by armed groups waging an offensive against the government of President Faustin-Archange Touadera.
Rebels abandoned their positions in Bangassou, 750km east of the capital, Bangui, and fled the city following an ultimatum on Friday from the UN peacekeeping force MINUSCA, the mission’s spokesman Vladimir Monteiro said late on Saturday.
“The city of Bangassou is under the complete control of MINUSCA,” Monteiro said, though he added that the UN force “remains on alert” to prevent any rebel return or other actions against civilians, the state authority and UN troops.
Armed groups waging a nationwide offensive captured the city on January 3, forcing many residents to flee across the border to the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
“It’s a great joy,” Juan Jose Aguirre, the bishop of Bangassou, told the AFP news agency following the UN operation to regain control of the city.
“After 13 days’ sleeping outdoors, people will be able to return to their homes,” he added.
Al Jazeera’s Malcolm Webb, reporting from Bangui, said: “Rwandan peacekeeping troops were deployed to Bangassou ahead of a potential operation and an ultimatum was given to the armed groups controlling the town, after which they left.
“There have been reports of gunfire in the area and also reports that armed groups still control some parts of the town,” he said.
“With or without small towns, they still control approximately two-thirds of the country’s territory, and in it, most of its diamond and gold mines.”
Lieutenant Colonel Abdoul Aziz Fall, spokesman for MINUSCA’s military component, said the UN force intervened to stop attempts at looting overnight from Friday to Saturday.
“The situation is calm and under control and positions that had been occupied by armed groups are no longer,” Fall said.
Six of the most powerful armed groups united a month ago to wage an offensive.
The coalition announced their offensive ahead of the December 27 presidential and legislative vote, aimed at preventing Touadera’s re-election.
On January 4, Touadera was declared the victor, although the political opposition cried foul.
The results accounted for only about half of registered voters, as hundreds of thousands were unable to cast their vote in areas held by rebels.
On Wednesday, the rebel forces mounted their closest attack yet to Bangui before being pushed back with the loss of a peacekeeper, the UN said.
The UN refugee agency said on Friday that the number of people fleeing violence following the presidential election had doubled in a week to 60,000.
More than 50,000 of those had fled across the Ubangui River to the DR Congo – with 10,000 people arriving in the country on Wednesday alone as armed groups attacked near Bangui.
Landlocked CAR is one of the world’s poorest nations and has seen a string of coups and wars since it gained independence from France in 1960.
In 2013, it spiralled once more into bloodshed when then-president Francois Bozize, who had himself seized power in a coup a decade earlier, was removed by a mainly Muslim coalition called the Seleka.
MINUSCA has almost 12,000 military personnel. The peacekeeping mission, first deployed in 2014, has been extended until November 2021.