Efficacy rate of China-developed product barely sufficient to secure regulatory approval.
Brazil’s health regulator has granted emergency approval to two COVID-19 vaccines as the country gears up for a mass inoculation campaign during a devastating second wave of the pandemic.
The Anvisa regulator on Sunday approved vaccines from China’s Sinovac Biotech and Britain’s AstraZeneca for emergency use in Brazil, which has recorded more than 209,000 deaths linked to the novel coronavirus since the start of the crisis.
Anvisa’s board of directors voted unanimously to approve both vaccines after almost five hours of deliberations.
Minutes after the vote, Monica Calazans, a 54-year-old nurse in Sao Paulo, became the first person to be inoculated in Brazil, receiving the Chinese vaccine known as CoronaVac.
Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro, a coronavirus sceptic who has refused to take a vaccine himself, is under pressure to start inoculations as the country’s death and case counts continue to mount rapidly.
Brazil has recorded more than 8.45 million cases of COVID-19 to date, according to Johns Hopkins University, the third-highest tally in the world after the United States and India.
Delays with vaccine shipments and testing results have held up vaccinations in Brazil so far, however.
Bolsonaro’s government was planning to kick off a national immunisation programme this week, but it is still waiting on shipments of the AstraZeneca vaccine.
Sao Paulo Governor Joao Doria, who oversees the Butantan biomedical centre that partnered with Sinovac in Brazil, said on Sunday that widespread vaccinations could start immediately.
But Health Minister Eduardo Pazuello told a news conference that the government would start distributing the vaccines to states on Monday morning. Brazil could eventually vaccinate one million people per day, he said.
‘A very dramatic situation’
Adding to the urgency is the fact that a new COVID-19 variant was discovered in Brazil this week.
The variant shares some characteristics with those found in Britain and South Africa, which are believed by scientists to be more transmissible but not to cause more severe disease.
The country’s northern state of Amazonas is also struggling to respond to a surge in cases and hospitalisations, as healthcare workers are being pushed to their limits and lacking equipment such as oxygen.
Brazil’s air force said on Saturday that a second flight delivering emergency supplies had landed in Manaus, the state capital, with eight tanks of liquid oxygen. That followed an earlier delivery of five tanks. The navy also said it is sending 40 respirators.
Pazuello, the health minister, said earlier this week that the hospital system in Manaus was collapsing due to COVID-19.
Al Jazeera’s Monica Yanakiew, reporting from Manaus on Sunday, said people are still looking for oxygen to help COVID-19 patients there, some of whom are staying at home because hospitals are full.
“It’s a very dramatic situation. People are lining up to get oxygen tanks still, and they’re still lining in front of hospitals because they can’t go in to see their loved ones,” Yanakiew said.