Yearning for change, a group of progressive Black Democratic congressional hopefuls in the United States is rushing towards the national stage, igniting rank-and-file enthusiasm in a party dominated by ageing white leaders.
Charles Booker, 35, a first-term Kentucky state legislator who grew up poor, is vying for a Senate nomination against a rival who has outraised him 40 to one with the backing of national Democratic leaders. There is also Jamaal Bowman, 44, an educator and political neophyte seeking a New York congressional seat by trying to topple the House Foreign Affairs Committee chairman, who has been endorsed by Hillary Clinton and House Speaker Nancy Pelosi.
They and others were on display in Tuesday’s Democratic primaries in New York, Kentucky and Virginia, and it remains unclear how many of them will win. But the day’s message was clear: A fresh set of candidates of colour wants to join the US Congress and steer Democrats leftward, even as presumed presidential nominee Joe Biden sets a more centrist course to woo moderate voters this November.
“The leadership of the party has to catch up with public opinion, which is largely progressive,” said Mondaire Jones, who is fighting for a vacant seat from a tony district in New York City’s northern suburbs.
Jones said in an interview with the Associated Press news agency he enthusiastically backs Biden, but the former vice president must “advance a vision of America that is more progressive than what he’s set forth” if he wants to energise liberal voters.
“The world has changed,” Bowman said in a statement. “Congress needs to change, too.”
As election officials count boatloads of mail-in ballots prompted by the coronavirus pandemic, many US media outlets have not declared winners in Tuesday’s close primaries. But one victor was Cameron Webb, a Black physician and lawyer who defeated three white rivals in a central Virginia district.
Tuesday’s primaries occurred in a Democratic Party whose presumed presidential nominee, Biden, is 77 years old. Pelosi is 80 and Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer is 69. Vermont Senator Bernie Sanders, a self-described democratic socialist and progressive leader who lost his bid for the presidential nomination this year, is 78.
But another hero of the left, Congresswoman Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez of New York is only 30. And in one indication of the party’s sensitivities, Biden has already said he will choose a woman as his vice presidential running mate, and he faces pressure to choose a person of colour.
Booker, Bowman and Jones have gained momentum from the Black Lives Matter movement and the nationwide protests following last month’s killing of George Floyd, a Black man, by a white police officer in Minneapolis. Their strong campaigns have spotlighted that candidates who can tap into that movement may be able to translate its energy into votes from African Americans and white progressives.
But they and others say their appeal goes beyond race. Each, for example, has supported the Green New Deal and Medicare for All proposals dear to progressive voters.
Sean McElwee, a political analyst for progressive candidates, says liberal-leaning millennials are entering the age when people tend to vote more often. That naturally produces increasingly successful progressive candidates, especially people of colour, who can appeal to liberal and minority voters, he said.
“We’re a little bit over” white male progressive candidates, McElwee said.
Sochie Nnaemeka, New York state director of the progressive Working Families Party, said candidates of colour also gain appeal from their authenticity.
“They have lived experiences,” Nnaemeka said. “There’s no translation needed for Jamaal Bowman to talk about the crisis of police brutality.” Bowman, challenging 16-term veteran Congressman Eliot Engel in a district covering parts of the Bronx and Westchester County, grew up in public housing in New York.
Many moderates dispute that the Democratic Party is increasingly becoming controlled by progressives and that Black voters inevitably skew to the left.
They note that the moderate Biden decisively clinched the presidential nomination over Sanders with lopsided support from African American voters. They say the dozens of Democratic freshmen elected in 2018, giving them House control, included centrist legislators of colour such as Representatives Colin Allred of Texas and Xochitl Torres Small of New Mexico.
“There is a new generation coming that’s very diverse,” said Jim Kessler, an executive vice president of the centrist Democratic group Third Way. “But it would be a mistake to say the next generation only represents the far left of the party.”
According to AP VoteCast, a survey of voters, about two in 10 people who voted for Democratic candidates in 2018 were Black and about one in 10 was Hispanic. About half identified as liberal, including two in 10 who said they were very liberal, with most of the rest moderates.
Booker is seeking the Democratic nomination for Senate in Kentucky against former Marine combat pilot Amy McGrath. Schumer has backed the centrist as his party’s best chance to defeat Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell in the Republican stronghold state.
Other candidates of colour seeking Democratic congressional nominations on Tuesday included Ritchie Torres, a New York City council member running for an open seat from a diverse Bronx district. Suraj Patel is a businessman trying to overthrow 14-term Congresswoman Carolyn Maloney in New York City.
Former Congressman Steven Israel of New York, who ran House Democrats’ campaign committee, largely attributed progressives’ energy to the antipathy in the party to President Donald Trump.
“I don’t subscribe to the argument that one day of primaries defines the national mood,” Israel said. “But it’s clear something is happening, and a new, aggressive generation of activists is impacting the Democratic Party.”