Malaysia has arrested hundreds of refugees and migrant workers for “illegally” living in the country, rights groups said, at a time of movement and travel restrictions imposed to contain the spread of the new coronavirus.
There has been growing public anger in recent days over the presence of migrant foreigners, with some in Malaysia accusing them of spreading the coronavirus and being a burden on government resources.
Malaysia has about two million registered foreign workers, but authorities estimate many more are living in the Southeast Asian country without proper documents.
Malaysia does not formally recognise refugees, regarding them as undocumented migrants.
The arrests on Friday followed immigration raids in a neighbourhood in capital Kuala Lumpur where thousands of migrant workers and refugees live, according to human rights groups and photos shared on social media.
Human Rights Watch (HRW) and the Asia Pacific Refugee Rights Network (APRRN) said more than 700 migrants were taken into custody, including children.
“Malaysian government does a U-turn on its earlier pledge not to arrest and detain undocumented migrants. Children as young as one year old have also been detained,” Lilianne Fan, chairman of the Rohingya Working Group at APRRN, said in a statement.
“This will create a culture of fear precisely when we need to be encouraging people to come forward for testing. How does this make us safer?”
Photos shared on social media showed dozens of migrant workers lined up in close quarters as authorities watched from the sidewalk.
Breaking: Following the appalling statement released by MOHA #Malaysia on #Rohingya #refugees, massive crackdowns of migrants are reported by communities this afternoon. https://t.co/SN1iU22gCF pic.twitter.com/eY6rFB2Ha7
— APRRN (@APRRN_) May 1, 2020
Some officials were seen wearing full protective equipment, while the migrant workers only had masks.
Other photos seen by Reuters News Agency showed dozens of migrants packed in trucks that typically carry illegal foreign nationals to immigration detention centres, which are known to be cramped and unhygienic.
“This is not at all humane,” rights advocate Tan said. “Even innocent children and babies were being dragged onto the trucks like cattle.”
Malaysian police and the immigration department did not immediately respond to requests for comment.
The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees said a “small number of asylum seekers” had been detained and it had informed by authorities that refugees and asylum-seekers were being held for the purpose of identity verification.
A Malaysian official who spoke to Reuters on condition of anonymity said the foreign workers, mostly from South Asia, were arrested because they did not have the necessary permits and that more raids would be conducted in the coming days.
Rachel Tan, programme officer at the Asia Pacific Refugee Rights Network, said the arrests were a “criminalisation of a people who toil in difficult and dangerous work conditions”.
The neighbourhood where the raids took place was close to an area with three buildings that were placed under strict lockdowns last month after a surge in coronavirus cases there.
About 9,000 people live in the buildings, most of whom are foreign nationals, and 235 of them have tested positive for COVID-19, the government said.
Malaysia has reported a total of 6,071 coronavirus cases and 103 deaths.
The country’s prime minister on Friday said most businesses will reopen from Monday following six-week-long curbs that have caused a damaging economic slowdown.
Migrant workers have been a particularly vulnerable community during the pandemic. In neighbouring Singapore, thousands of infections have been linked to migrant worker dormitories.